Friedrich Altmann

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The asparagine-linked carbohydrate moieties of plant and insect glycoproteins are the most abundant environmental immune determinants. They are the structural basis of what is known as cross-reactive carbohydrate determinants (CCDs). Despite some structural variation, the two main motifs are the xylose and the core-3-linked fucose, which form the essential(More)
The plant glycosyltransferases, beta1,2-xylosyltransferase (XylT) and core alpha1,3-fucosyltransferase (FucT), are responsible for the transfer of beta1,2-linked xylose and core alpha1,3-linked fucose residues to glycoprotein N-glycans. These glycan epitopes are not present in humans and thus may cause immunological responses, which represent a limitation(More)
Baculovirus-mediated expression in insect cells has become well-established for the production of recombinant glycoproteins. Its frequent use arises from the relative ease and speed with which a heterologous protein can be expressed on the laboratory scale and the high chance of obtaining a biologically active protein. In addition to Spodoptera frugiperda(More)
Most processed, e.g. fucosylated, N-glycans on insect glycoproteins terminate in mannose, yet the relevant modifying enzymes require the prior action of N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase I. This led to the hypothesis that a hexosaminidase acts during the course of N-glycan maturation. To determine whether the Drosophila melanogaster genome indeed encodes such(More)
For many years, polyclonal antibodies raised against the plant glycoprotein horseradish peroxidase have been used to specifically stain the neural and male reproductive tissue of Drosophila melanogaster. This epitope is considered to be of carbohydrate origin, but no glycan structure from Drosophila has yet been isolated that could account for this(More)
The N-glycans from 27 "plant" foodstuffs, including one from a gymnospermic plant and one from a fungus, were prepared by a new procedure and examined by means of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS). For several samples, glycan structures were additionally investigated by size-fractionation and(More)
The beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase activity in the lepidopteran insect cell line Sf21 has been studied using pyridylaminated oligosaccharides and chromogenic synthetic glycosides as substrates. Ultracentrifugation experiments indicated that the insect cell beta-N-acetylglucosminidase exists in a soluble and a membrane-bound form. This latter form accounted(More)
Failure of oligodendrocyte precursor cell (OPC) differentiation contributes significantly to failed myelin sheath regeneration (remyelination) in chronic demyelinating diseases. Although the reasons for this failure are not completely understood, several lines of evidence point to factors present following demyelination that specifically inhibit(More)
BACKGROUND Pichia pastoris is widely used as a production platform for heterologous proteins and model organism for organelle proliferation. Without a published genome sequence available, strain and process development relied mainly on analogies to other, well studied yeasts like Saccharomyces cerevisiae. RESULTS To investigate specific features of growth(More)
Using plants as production factories for therapeutic proteins requires modification of their N-glycosylation pattern because of the immunogenicity of plant-specific sugar residues. In an attempt towards such humanization, we disrupted the genes for alpha1,3-fucosyltransferase and beta1,2-xylosyltransferase in Physcomitrella patens by homologous(More)