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In vivo loads acting at the hip joint have so far only been measured in few patients and without detailed documentation of gait data. Such information is required to test and improve wear, strength and fixation stability of hip implants. Measurements of hip contact forces with instrumented implants and synchronous analyses of gait patterns and ground(More)
The resultant hip joint force, its orientation and the moments were measured in two patients during walking and running using telemetering total hip prostheses. One patient underwent bilateral joint replacement and a second patient, additionally suffering from a neuropathic disease and atactic gait patterns, received one instrumented hip implant. The joint(More)
Knowledge of forces in the glenohumeral joint is essential for understanding normal and pathologic shoulder function. It forms the basis for performing fracture treatment or joint replacement surgery, for optimizing implant design and fixation and for improving and verifying analytical biomechanical models of the shoulder. An instrumented shoulder implant(More)
The loads on internal spinal fixation devices were measured using modified, telemeterized AO-Dick internal fixators. The implants allow measurement of the three force components and the three moments acting on the implant. The modified fixators were mounted on cadaver spines, and the implant loads were measured in the intact and postcorpectomy spines for(More)
Only little knowledge exists concerning the loads on internal spinal fixation devices during walking. In this study, forces and moments were measured in two patients using telemeterized spinal fixators. Although implant loads differed strongly before and after anterior fusion as well as between the two patients, some results were consistent. In every test(More)
Detailed knowledge about loading of the knee joint is essential for preclinical testing of implants, validation of musculoskeletal models and biomechanical understanding of the knee joint. The contact forces and moments acting on the tibial component were therefore measured in 5 subjects in vivo by an instrumented knee implant during various activities of(More)
BACKGROUND Detailed information about the loading of the knee joint is required for various investigations in total knee replacement. Up to now, gait analysis plus analytical musculo-skeletal models were used to calculate the forces and moments acting in the knee joint. Currently, all experimental and numerical pre-clinical tests rely on these indirect(More)
STUDY DESIGN Loads acting in an internal fixator measured in vitro under the application of pure moments such as those commonly used for implant testing and basic research were compared with loads measured in 10 patients in vivo. OBJECTIVES To investigate whether these recommended loading conditions are valid by comparing in vivo measurements and those(More)
Knowledge of the loads to which orthopedic implants are subjected is a fundamental prerequisite for their optimal biomechanical design, long-term success, and improved rehabilitation outcomes. In vivo load measurements are more accurate than those obtained using mathematical musculoskeletal models. An inductively powered integrated circuit inside the(More)
To determine whether load directions for stumbling are similar to those for common activities and whether stumbling can be realistically simulated under laboratory conditions without endangering the patients. The magnitudes and directions of hip contact forces were measured during real and simulated stumbling and compared with those found during various(More)