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Lepidopteran males produce eupyrene (nucleate) and apyrene (anucleate) spermatozoa, but in the female only eupyrene spermatozoa leave the spermatheca and fertilize the eggs. Both kinds of spermatozoa lack intrinsic motility in the male genital duct. They become motile in the spermatophore, in a process involving proteases from the male duct. In vitro,(More)
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