Friedhelm J. Baisch

Learn More
Orthostatic intolerance is common when astronauts return to Earth: after brief spaceflight, up to two-thirds are unable to remain standing for 10 min. Previous research suggests that susceptible individuals are unable to increase their systemic vascular resistance and plasma noradrenaline concentrations above pre-flight upright levels. In this study, we(More)
In the present study the response to acute saline loading was investigated. During a 24-day study period six male subjects followed a standardized diet including a daily intake of 40 ml water and 125 mg NaCl per kg body weight. Before, during, and after a ten-day period of 6 degrees head down tilt (HDT) each volunteer received an intravenous 0.9% saline(More)
Astronauts returning from space have reduced red blood cell masses, hypovolaemia and orthostatic intolerance, marked by greater cardio-acceleration during standing than before spaceflight, and in some, orthostatic hypotension and presyncope. Adaptation of the sympathetic nervous system occurring during spaceflight may be responsible for these postflight(More)
  • M Heer, F Baisch, J Kropp, R Gerzer, C Drummer
  • American journal of physiology. Renal physiology
  • 2000
A commonly accepted hypothesis is that a chronically high-sodium diet expands extracellular volume and finally reaches a steady state where sodium intake and output are balanced whereas extracellular volume is expanded. However, in a recent study where the main purpose was to investigate the role of natriuretic peptides under day-to-day sodium intake(More)
Noninvasive cardiac output (CO) measured by arterial pulse analysis was compared with that measured by inert gas rebreathing in six healthy male volunteers. Pulse contour analysis was applied to the pressure wave output of a Finapres, which noninvasively measures continuous arterial pressure in a finger. Data were collected before, during, and after a(More)
We studied three Russian cosmonauts to better understand how long-term exposure to microgravity affects autonomic cardiovascular control. We recorded the electrocardiogram, finger photoplethysmographic pressure, and respiratory flow before, during, and after two 9-mo missions to the Russian space station Mir. Measurements were made during four modes of(More)
BACKGROUND Since the very beginning of space physiology research, the deficit in body mass that is often observed after landing has always been interpreted as an indication of the absolute fluid loss early during space missions. However, in contrast to central hypervolemic conditions on Earth, the acute shift of blood volume from the legs to the upper part(More)
Exposure to microgravity alters the distribution of body fluids and the degree of distension of cranial blood vessels, and these changes in turn may provoke structural remodelling and altered cerebral autoregulation. Impaired cerebral autoregulation has been documented following weightlessness simulated by head-down bed rest in humans, and is proposed as a(More)
Astronauts returning to Earth have reduced orthostatic tolerance and exercise capacity. Alterations in autonomic nervous system and neuromuscular function after spaceflight might contribute to this problem. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that exposure to microgravity impairs autonomic neural control of sympathetic outflow in response to peripheral(More)
Head down tilt (-6 degrees HDT) examinations are commonly used simulation models for various microgravity induced changes in body functions. Body fluid distribution (by means of dye dilution and two independent multifrequency impedance techniques), water- and sodium-handling, and the plasma/serum concentrations of fluid balance related hormones have been(More)