Friedhelm C. Schmitt

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The thalamus is believed to be a key node in human memory networks, however, very little is known about its real-time functional role. Here we examined the dynamics of thalamocortical communication during long-term episodic memory retrieval in two experiments. In experiment 1, intrathalamic and surface EEG was recorded in an epileptic patient implanted with(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to analyze magnetoencephalography (MEG) localizations of epileptic clusters in different cortical regions of the frontal lobe and relate these findings to postoperative outcomes associated with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). METHODS Thirty-nine patients from the Epilepsy Center of Erlangen-Nuremberg University with or without(More)
Status epilepticus in patients often does not respond to first-line anticonvulsants, and subsequent treatment escalation with continuous intravenous anesthetics may be associated with significant side-effects. Therefore, alternative treatment regimens are urgently needed. Hypothermia has been shown to reduce excitatory transmission and may thus serve as an(More)
In the scenario of refractory status epilepticus, the recommended approach of intensive care treatment is limited with respect to the available pharmacodynamic variability and its impeding, severe side effects. Alternative treatment options are therefore urgently needed. In the case described, a patient with nonlesional frontal lobe epilepsy had a(More)
Periventricular nodular heterotopias (PNHs) are frequently associated with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. They are considered part of a dysfunctional network, connected to the overlying cortex. Therefore, removal of the PNHs and additional cortectomy or lobectomy seem to be essential for significant and long-lasting seizure reduction. These procedures,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the impact of limbic status epilepticus on temperature. METHODS The perforant path in freely moving rats was stimulated electrically for 120 min to induce self-sustaining status epilepticus (SSSE). For 150 min after the end of stimulation, epidural temperature and electrographic and clinical seizure activity were assessed in animals(More)
BACKGROUND The thalamic anteroventral nucleus (AV) is a promising target structure for deep brain stimulation (DBS) in patients suffering from refractory epilepsy. Direct visualization of the AV would improve spatial accuracy in functional stereotactic neurosurgery for treatment of this disease. METHODS On 3-tesla magnetic resonance imaging (MRI),(More)
The anterior thalamic nucleus (ATN) is thought to play an important role in a brain network involving the hippocampus and neocortex, which enables human memories to be formed. However, its small size and location deep within the brain have impeded direct investigation in humans with non-invasive techniques. Here we provide direct evidence for a functional(More)
Temperature dysregulation is well known in generalized convulsive status epilepticus but so far has not been reported in non-convulsive forms. In order to detect possible subtle alterations, we have analyzed the capability to compensate for external cooling in an animal model of limbic status epilepticus. Rats with electrically induced self-sustaining(More)
Theoretical models and empirical work indicate a critical role of the NAcc in salience processing. For instance, the NAcc not only responds to appetitive and aversive information, but it also signals novelty, contextual deviance, and action monitoring. However, because most studies have investigated only one specific type of salience independently, it(More)