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PURPOSE In patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) EEG during functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) has been successfully used to link changes in regional neuronal activity to the occurrence of generalized spike-and-wave (GSW) discharges. Most EEG-fMRI studies have been performed on adult patients with long-standing(More)
PURPOSE Absences are characterized by an abrupt onset and end of generalized 3-4 Hz spike and wave discharges (GSWs), accompanied by unresponsiveness. Although previous electroencephalography-functional magnetic resonance imaging (EEG-fMRI) studies showed that thalamus, default mode areas, and caudate nuclei are involved in absence seizures, the(More)
EEG-fMRI is a non-invasive technique that allows the investigation of epileptogenic networks in patients with epilepsy. Lately, BOLD changes occurring before the spike were found in patients with generalized epilepsy. The study of metabolic changes preceding spikes might improve our knowledge of spike generation. We tested this hypothesis in patients with(More)
Photoparoxysmal response (PPR) is an electroencephalographic (EEG) trait characterized by the occurrence of epileptiform discharges in response to visual stimulation. Studying this trait helps to learn about mechanisms of epileptogenicity. While simultaneous recordings of EEG and functional MRI (EEG-fMRI) in patients with spontaneous generalised spike-wave(More)
The pathophysiology of generalized spike wave discharges (GSW) is not completely understood. Thalamus, basal ganglia and neocortex have been implicated in the generation of GSW, yet the specific role of each structure remains to be clarified. In six children with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), we performed combined EEG-fMRI to identify GSW-related(More)
INTRODUCTION Seizures occur rarely during EEG-fMRI acquisitions of epilepsy patients, but can potentially offer a better estimation of the epileptogenic zone than interictal activity. Independent component analysis (ICA) is a data-driven method that imposes minimal constraints on the hemodynamic response function (HRF). In particular, the investigation of(More)
Epileptic encephalopathy with continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep is an age-related disorder characterized by the presence of interictal epileptiform discharges during at least >85% of sleep and cognitive deficits associated with this electroencephalography pattern. The pathophysiological mechanisms of continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep(More)
OBJECTIVE In patients with nonlesional frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE), the delineation of the epileptogenic zone is difficult. Therefore these patients are often not considered for surgery due to an unclear seizure focus. The aim of this study was to investigate whether EEG-fMRI can add useful information in the preoperative evaluation of these patients. (More)
Most EEG-fMRI studies in epileptic patients are analyzed using the general linear model (GLM), which assumes a known hemodynamic response function (HRF) to epileptic spikes. In contrast, independent component analysis (ICA) can extract blood-oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) responses without imposing constraints on the HRF. ICA might therefore detect(More)
PURPOSE In simultaneous electroencephalography (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), increased neuronal activity from epileptiform spikes commonly elicits positive blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) responses. Negative responses are also occasionally seen and have not been explained. Recent studies describe BOLD signal changes before(More)