Friederike Hilbert

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This study was performed to evaluate the resistance rate against antimicrobials of food isolates of the five major food-borne pathogens to compare these and to possibly distinguish a pattern. A total of 922 samples of the major meat species (pork, beef and poultry) were analysed for thermophilic Campylobacter, Salmonella, Yersinia enterocolitica, pathogenic(More)
Campylobacter jejuni is a major food-borne pathogen. Despite causing enteritis in humans, it is a well-adapted intestinal microorganism in animals, hardly ever generating disease symptoms. Nevertheless, as a true microaerophilic microorganism it is still puzzling how Campylobacter cells can survive on chicken meat, the main source of human infection. In(More)
Antimicrobial resistance in microbes poses a global and increasing threat to public health. The horizontal transfer of antimicrobial resistance genes was thought to be due largely to conjugative plasmids or transposons, with only a minor part being played by transduction through bacteriophages. However, whole-genome sequencing has recently shown that the(More)
Campylobacter jejuni is a major cause of the Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) and related diseases. These autoimmune diseases are caused by antibodies cross-reacting with the peripheral (GBS) and central neural tissue (Miller Fisher syndrome - MFS, Bicker-staff's brainstem encephalitis - BBE), leading to acute polyneuropathy. Recently, specific gene loci in C.(More)
The Gram-negative pathogen Salmonella enterica harbours a periplasmic D-Ala-D-Ala dipeptidase (termed PcgL), which confers the ability to grow on D-Ala-D-Ala as sole carbon source. We now demonstrate that inactivation of the pcgL gene renders Salmonella hypervirulent. This phenotype results from the accumulation of peptidoglycan-derived D-Ala-D-Ala in the(More)
There is a demand from the meat industry as well as from public health authorities for a simple and rapid detection method for thermophilic Campylobacter spp. from food. Hence, we compared different isolation procedures for their usefulness for this purpose. Bolton enrichment medium without blood, incubated statically in stomacher bags in microaerophilic(More)
In most European countries human campylobacteriosis is the most important bacterial zoonotic foodborne infection. Chicken meat is considered the main source of infection. Since most strategies assessed so far, in reducing Campylobacter colonization in chickens or in the reduction of human disease, have not been very effective, new knowledge regarding(More)
Salmonellosis is an important foodborne infection in industrialized and developing countries. Especially for human Salmonellosis caused by Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium, pigs and pork are the major sources of infection. Mitigation and control strategies that result from surveillance programs attempt to reduce or even eradicate Salmonella in pork(More)
Controversy exists on veterinary drug application in food animal production and the relevance for human health of antimicrobial resistant commensals isolated from food. The aim of this study was to analyze antimicrobial resistance in Escherichia coli isolated from retail meat of various animal species (including wild roe deer) in Austria. Our results were(More)
A Gram-stain-positive, pleomorphic, oxidase-negative, non-motile isolate from the skin of a dog, designated strain 410(T), was subjected to comprehensive taxonomic characterization. Comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that the novel isolate showed highest similarities to the type strains of Corynebacterium humireducens, Corynebacterium(More)