Friederike H.C. Engels

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Despite evidence that human non-hematopoietic cells, such as vascular endothelium, can activate allogeneic T lymphocytes in vitro, the prevailing view has been that hematopoietic antigen-presenting cells are required to trigger alloimmune responses in vivo. Here we report that mouse non-hematopoietic cells activate alloreactive CD8+ T lymphocytes in vitro(More)
Mature dendritic cells (DCs), in addition to providing costimulation, can define the Th1, in contrast to the Th2, nature of a T-cell response through the production of cytokines and chemokines. Because calcium signaling alone causes rapid DC maturation of both normal and transformed myeloid cells, it was evaluated whether calcium-mobilized DCs polarize T(More)
BACKGROUND Complex congenital cardiac anomalies involving ventricular hypoplasia require either staged palliative reconstruction, converting the circulatory system to a single ventricle based pump, or allogeneic transplantation. Tissue engineering offers the potential for complete reconstruction of these defects, but is limited by the inability to model(More)
We previously reported that treatment of human peripheral blood monocytes or dendritic cells (DC) with calcium ionophore (CI) led to the rapid (18 hour) acquisition of many characteristics of mature DC, including CD83 expression. We therefore investigated whether less-mature myeloid cells were similarly susceptible to rapid CI activation. Although the(More)
Effective host T lymphocyte sensitization to malignant cells depends on successful antigen presentation. In this study, we examined the capacity of malignant myeloid progenitor cells of patients in the chronic phase of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) to acquire characteristics of activated dendritic cells (DCs) after intracellular calcium mobilization,(More)
The diagnosis of aortic graft infection and aortoenteric fistula can be difficult to establish using conventional radiographic imaging modalities. Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) can rapidly provide anatomically clear images and define areas of inflammation with increased glucose metabolism. In this report the(More)
The authors previously showed that monocytes treated with calcium ionophore (CI) acquire characteristics of mature dendritic cells (DC) in part through a calcineurin-dependent pathway. In this study, the authors evaluated the ability of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), interleukin-2 (IL-2), and interleukin-12 (IL-12) alone or in(More)
We have previously demonstrated that Ph+ myeloid progenitor cells of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) can acquire characteristics of mature dendritic cells (DC) following calcium mobilization with calcium ionophore (A23187, CI). In this study we characterize the intracellular signaling pathway by which CI induces the acquisition of DC features(More)
We previously reported that treatment of human peripheral blood monocytes or dendritic cells (DC) with calcium ionophore (CI) led to the rapid (18 hour) acquisition of many characteristics of mature DC, including CD83 expression. We therefore investigated whether less-mature myeloid cells were similarly susceptible to rapid CI activation. Although the(More)
A 50-year-old woman underwent single lung transplantation for advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Shortly after the procedure, it was discovered that the donor suffered from both a renal cell carcinoma and a spindle-cell sarcoma of the ascending aorta, which had metastasized to the spleen. The patient was emergently listed for a(More)
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