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Microbial amperometric sensors for biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) determination using Bacillus subtilis or Trichosporon cutaneum cells immobilized in polyvinylalcohol have been developed. These sensors allow BOD measurements with very short response times (15–30s), a level of precision of ±5% and an operation stability of 30 days. A linear range was(More)
BACKGROUND As a new class of therapeutic and diagnostic reagents, more than fifteen years ago RNA and DNA aptamers were identified as binding molecules to numerous small compounds, proteins and rarely even to complete pathogen particles. Most aptamers were isolated from complex libraries of synthetic nucleic acids by a process termed SELEX based on several(More)
In this contribution the substitution of the central protoporphyrin IX iron complex of horseradish peroxidase by the respective osmium porphyrin complex is described. The direct electrochemical reduction of the Os containing horseradish peroxidase (OsHRP) was achieved at ITO and modified glassy carbon electrodes and in combination with spectroscopy revealed(More)
An efficient electrocatalytic biosensor for sulfite detection was developed by co-immobilizing sulfite oxidase and cytochrome c with polyaniline sulfonic acid in a layer-by-layer assembly. QCM, UV-Vis spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry revealed increasing loading of electrochemically active protein with the formation of multilayers. The sensor operates(More)
A highly sensitive piezoelectric biosensor has been developed for detection of cholinesterase inhibitors. The inhibitor benzoylecgonine-1,8-diamino-3,4-dioxaoctane (BZE-DADOO) was immobilized on a monolayer of 11-mercaptomonoundecanoic acid (MUA) self-assembled on the gold surface of the sensor. The binding of high-molecular-weight cholinesterase to the(More)
An enzyme carbon paste electrode containing three different enzymes was developed for the determination of L-phenylalanine. This sensor is based on the enzymatic/electrochemical recycling of tyrosinase in combination with salicylate hydroxylase and L-phenylalanine dehydrogenase (PADH). The enzymes salicylate hydroxylase and tyrosinase were coimmobilized(More)
Electrochemical investigations of the blood oxygen carrier protein include both mediated and direct electron transfer. The reaction of haemoglobin (Hb) with typical mediators, e.g., ferricyanide, can be quantified by measuring the produced ferrocyanide which is equivalent to the Hb concentration. Immobilization of the mediator within the electrode body(More)
A microbial amperometric sensor using immobilized Pseudomonas putida cells was developed for the determination of ε-caprolactam. The cells contained plasmids encoding the ε-caprolactam degrading enzymes. A linear dependence of the electric current was obtained from 4 to 40 μmol/l ε-caprolactam. The sensitivity for ε-caprolactam was one order of magnitude(More)
An enzyme-sensor system with flow-injection analysis (FIA) has been developed for the detection of fructosyl amine compounds; the sensor utilizes fructosyl amine oxidase isolated from the marine yeast Pichia sp. N1-1 strain. With this FIA system 0.2 to 10 mmol L(-1) fructosyl valine can be determined. The sensor is approximately five times more sensitive to(More)
Enhancing the performance of biosensors, in terms of increasing the range of analytes that may be detected, and the sensitivity and specificity of the detection event, would improve the prospects for commercializing this technology. Coupling the catalytic activities of several enzymes is one approach being used to address these issues. Sequences of enzymes,(More)