Friedemann Kaiser

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Spatiotemporal stochastic resonance (STSR) is a phenomenon, where the stability of spatial patterns in an extended dynamical system displays a resonance-type dependence on the noise amplitude with the patterns being optimal at intermediate noise level. This dynamical behavior has been found in theoretical systems as well as in biochemical processes, where(More)
The angiotensin II receptor antagonist, DUP 753 (Losartan), was compared with diazepam for antianxiety properties in the rat using the elevated plus-maze. Oral diazepam (5 mg kg-1) resulted in a significantly greater number of entries of rats into the open arms of the maze, an increase in time spent in the open arms and a decreased time spent in the closed(More)
We report a versatile method to polarize single nuclear spins in diamond, based on optical pumping of a single nitrogen-vacancy (NV) defect and mediated by a level anticrossing in its excited state. A nuclear-spin polarization higher than 98% is achieved at room temperature for the 15N nuclear spin associated with the NV center, corresponding to microK(More)
We discuss the influence of additive, spatiotemporally correlated (i.e., colored) noise on pattern formation in a two-dimensional network of excitable systems. The signature of spatiotemporal stochastic resonance (STSR) is analyzed using cross-correlation and information theoretic measures. It is found that the STSR behavior is affected by both the spatial(More)
Starting with a subexcitable net of FitzHugh-Nagumo elements it is shown that parameter variability (diversity) is able to induce pattern formation. These patterns are most coherent for an intermediate variability strength. This effect is similar to the well-known spatiotemporal stochastic resonance generated by additive noise in subexcitable media.(More)
The influence of variability on the response of a net of bistable FitzHugh-Nagumo elements to a weak signal is investigated. The response of the net undergoes a resonancelike behavior due to additive variability. For an intermediate strength of additive variability the external signal is optimally enhanced in the output of the net (diversity-induced(More)
Experiments on the effects of extremely-low-frequency (ELF) electric and magnetic fields on cells of the immune system, T-lymphocytes in particular, suggest that the external field interacts with the cell at the level of intracellular signal transduction pathways. These are directly connected with changes in the calcium-signaling processes of the cell.(More)
Leaves of the Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) plant Kalanchoë daigremontiana Hamet et Perrier de la Bâthie show overt circadian rhythms in net CO2 uptake, leaf conductance to water and intercellular CO2 concentration, which are entrained by periodic temperature cycles. To probe their sensitivity to thermoperiodic perturbations, intact leaves were exposed(More)
The external stimulation of many cells by a hormone, for example, often leads to an oscillating cytosolic calcium concentration. This periodic behavior is now designated the cytosolic calcium oscillator. A theoretical model is presented that describes this behavior on the basis of inositol(1,4,5)trisphosphate-induced calcium oscillations. In contrast to(More)
We demonstrate numerically that partially incoherent light can be trapped in the spectral band gaps of a photonic lattice, creating partially incoherent multi-component spatial optical solitons in a self-defocusing nonlinear periodic medium. We find numerically such incoherent multi-gap optical solitons and discuss how to generate them in experiment by(More)