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Signal recognition particle (SRP)-dependent protein targeting is a universally conserved process that delivers proteins to the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane or to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane in eukaryotes. Crucial during targeting is the transfer of the ribosome-nascent chain complex (RNC) from SRP to the Sec translocon. In eukaryotes, this step is(More)
The PsaF-deficient mutant 3bF of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was used to modify PsaF by nuclear transformation and site-directed mutagenesis. Four lysine residues in the N-terminal domain of PsaF, which have been postulated to form the positively charged face of a putative amphipathic alpha-helical structure were altered to K12P, K16Q, K23Q, and K30Q. The(More)
The mechanism of the electron transfer from the soluble protein plastocyanin to the multiprotein complex of photosystem I from spinach has been studied in detail. The two kinetic components of P700+ reduction by plastocyanin after a laser flash, showing a constant half-life of 11 microseconds and a variable half-life of the second-order reaction,(More)
Using a tetrazolium-based assay, a NAD(P)H oxidoreductase was purified from plasma membranes prepared from soybean (Glycine max) hypocotyls. The enzyme, a tetramer of 85 kD, produces O2(.-) by a reaction that depended on menadione or several other 1,4-naphthoquinones, in apparent agreement with a classification as a one-electron-transferring flavoenzyme(More)
Cotranslational protein targeting delivers proteins to the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane or to the eukaryotic endoplasmic reticulum membrane. The signal recognition particle (SRP) binds to signal sequences emerging from the ribosomal tunnel and targets the ribosome-nascent-chain complex (RNC) to the SRP receptor, termed FtsY in bacteria. FtsY interacts(More)
The lateral migration of the integral light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b protein complex of photosystem II, LHCII, has been studied in the undisturbed membranes of thylakoids without artificial probes. LHCII was phosphorylated at 0 degree C. The diffusion of the mobile phospho-LHCII from appressed grana to nonappressed membrane regions was induced by a(More)
We analyze the effect of the plastoquinone redox state on the regulation of the light-harvesting antenna size at transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. This was approached by studying transcription and accumulation of light-harvesting complexes in wild type versus the barley mutant viridis zb63, which is depleted in photosystem I and where(More)
To study the function of the PsaF subunit of photosystem I (PSI), the interactions between plastocyanin or cytochrome c6 and PSI isolated from wild-type and a PsaF-deficient mutant of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii have been examined using cross-linking techniques and flash absorption spectroscopy. We show that efficient electron transfer from both plastocyanin(More)
Protein insertion into the bacterial inner membrane is facilitated by SecYEG or YidC. Although SecYEG most likely constitutes the major integration site, small membrane proteins have been shown to integrate via YidC. We show that YidC can also integrate multispanning membrane proteins such as mannitol permease or TatC, which had been considered to be(More)
PsaJ is a small hydrophobic subunit of the photosystem I complex (PSI) whose function is not yet fully understood. Here we describe mutants of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, in which the psaJ chloroplast gene has been inactivated either in a wild-type or in a PsaF-deficient nuclear background. Cells lacking one or both subunits grow(More)