Fridtjof Nüsslin

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The presented virtual energy fluence (VEF) model of the patient-independent part of the medical linear accelerator heads, consists of two Gaussian-shaped photon sources and one uniform electron source. The planar photon sources are located close to the bremsstrahlung target (primary source) and to the flattening filter (secondary source), respectively. The(More)
One approach to the computation of photon IMRT treatment plans is the formulation of an optimization problem with an objective function that derives from an objective density. An investigation of the second-order properties of such an objective function in a neighborhood of the minimizer opens an intuitive access to many traits of this approach. A general(More)
OBJECTIVES To clarify challenges and research topics for informatics in health and to describe new approaches for interdisciplinary collaboration and education. METHODS Research challenges and possible solutions were elaborated by scientists of two universities using an interdisciplinary approach, in a series of meetings over several months. RESULTS AND(More)
An algorithm for the optimization of the direction of intensity-modulated beams is presented. Although the global optimum dose distribution cannot be predicted, usually a large number of equivalent beam configurations exists. This degeneracy facilitates beam direction optimization (BDO) through a number of possible approximations and because the target set(More)
Image guided radiotherapy has the potential to improve both tumour control and normal tissue sparing by including temporal patient specific geometry information into the adaptive planning process. In this study we present a practical method of image guided adaptive inverse planning based on computed tomography (CT) and portal image feedback during the(More)
The implementation of biological optimization of radiation treatment plans is impeded by both computational and modelling problems. We derive an objective function from basic model assumptions which includes the normal tissue constraints as interior penalty functions. For organs that are composed of parallel subunits, a mean response model is proposed which(More)
UNLABELLED Several kinetic models have been proposed to assess the underlying oxygenation status behind hypoxia tracer uptake and have shown advantages, compared with static analysis, in discriminating hypoxic regions. However, the quantitative assessment of mathematic models that take into consideration clinical applications and their biologic nature is(More)
Measurements as well as Monte Carlo simulations are presented to investigate the deviation between the dose to water and the value measured by an ionization chamber. These deviations are evaluated at different depths (1.5 and 10 cm) and at an off-axis position of 15 cm. It is shown that an ionization chamber can produce a measuring signal, which is up to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS In MR examinations of myocardial perfusion by the use of Snapshot-FLASH sequences it is of major importance that the achievable signal difference between pre- and normal postcontrast myocardium be maximized. METHODS In ECG-triggered Snapshot-FLASH sequences the signal intensity of the myocardium depends on the flip angle alpha, the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To evaluate an optimization approach where coverage probabilities are incorporated into the optimization of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) to overcome the problem of margin definition in the case of overlapping planning target volume and organs at risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS IMRT plans were generated for three optimization(More)