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One approach to the computation of photon IMRT treatment plans is the formulation of an optimization problem with an objective function that derives from an objective density. An investigation of the second-order properties of such an objective function in a neighborhood of the minimizer opens an intuitive access to many traits of this approach. A general(More)
The implementation of biological optimization of radiation treatment plans is impeded by both computational and modelling problems. We derive an objective function from basic model assumptions which includes the normal tissue constraints as interior penalty functions. For organs that are composed of parallel subunits, a mean response model is proposed which(More)
Amorphous silicon electronic portal imaging devices (a-Si EPIDs) allow fast acquisition of high resolution portal images (PI). A visualization of organ movement for adaptive image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) can be reached by implantation and automatic detection of fiducial markers. A method of automatic detection has been developed for fiducial spherical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To evaluate an optimization approach where coverage probabilities are incorporated into the optimization of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) to overcome the problem of margin definition in the case of overlapping planning target volume and organs at risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS IMRT plans were generated for three optimization(More)
OBJECTIVES To clarify challenges and research topics for informatics in health and to describe new approaches for interdisciplinary collaboration and education. METHODS Research challenges and possible solutions were elaborated by scientists of two universities using an interdisciplinary approach, in a series of meetings over several months. RESULTS AND(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate beam output factors (OFs) for conformal radiation therapy and to compare the OFs measured with different detectors with those simulated with Monte Carlo methods. Four different detectors (diode, diamond, pinpoint and ionization chamber) were used to measure photon beam OFs in a water phantom at a depth of 10 cm(More)
Dose optimization requires that the treatment goals be specified in a meaningful manner, but also that alterations to the specification lead to predictable changes in the resulting dose distribution. Within the framework of constrained optimization, it is possible to devise a tool that quantifies the impact on the objective of target volume coverage of any(More)
Measurements as well as Monte Carlo simulations are presented to investigate the deviation between the dose to water and the value measured by an ionization chamber. These deviations are evaluated at different depths (1.5 and 10 cm) and at an off-axis position of 15 cm. It is shown that an ionization chamber can produce a measuring signal, which is up to(More)
An algorithm for the optimization of the direction of intensity-modulated beams is presented. Although the global optimum dose distribution cannot be predicted, usually a large number of equivalent beam configurations exists. This degeneracy facilitates beam direction optimization (BDO) through a number of possible approximations and because the target set(More)