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In order to identify genetic causes of VACTERL association (V vertebral defects, A anorectal malformations, C cardiac defects, T tracheoesofageal fistula, E esophageal atresia, R renal anomalies, L limb deformities), we have collected DNA samples from 20 patients diagnosed with VACTERL or with a VACTERL-like phenotype as well as samples from 19 aborted(More)
(nominal inner diameter: 0.6 mm) needles into rotating 40 wt.-% PEI (branched; average molecular weight, M w ~ 25 000; water-free; Aldrich) solutions in methanol. The SWNT/PEI composite fibers were characterized by SEM (LEO 1590 VP microscope) and micro-Raman spectroscopy (Jobin± Yvon Horiba high-resolution LabRam micro-Raman spectrometer; helium±neon(More)
Spirogermanium (1; 8,8-diethyl-N,N-dimethyl-2-aza-8- germaspiro[4.5]decane-2-propanamine dihydrochloride) is a potent cytotoxic agent in vitro which has demonstrated limited activity in experimental animal tumor models. Subsequently, it has been reported that spirogermanium has antiarthritic and suppressor cell-inducing activity. We have synthesized a(More)
A resonance Raman investigation into the blue chromophore of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase, a non-heme iron enzyme from Pseudomonas P. J. 874, reveals the presence of enhanced vibrations characteristic of tyrosinate coordination to the iron center. The excitation profiles for these features show that they are associated with the 595 nm absorption(More)
Ternary Cu(II) complexes with bidentate malonato- and heterocyclic amine ligands were tested with regard to cytotoxicity and potentiation of x-ray induced cell killing in V79 cells. Two lead complexes were also tested in a tumor assay using the MTG-B murine adenocarcinoma model growing in the flanks of female C3H/HeJ mice. One complex, [2,2'-bipyridyl(More)
The most immediate and evident effect of mucosal exposure to semen in vivo is a local release of proinflammatory mediators accompanied by an influx of leukocytes into the female genital mucosa (FGM). The implication of such response in HIV-1 transmission has never been addressed due to limitations of currently available experimental models. Using human(More)
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