Freimut H. Schilling

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BACKGROUND Myeloablative megatherapy is commonly used to improve the poor outlook of children with high-risk neuroblastoma, yet its role is poorly defined. We aimed to assess whether megatherapy with autologous stem-cell transplantation could increase event-free survival and overall survival compared with maintenance chemotherapy. METHODS 295 patients(More)
BACKGROUND Neuroblastoma is the second most common type of childhood tumor. It is not known whether screening for neuroblastoma at one year of age reduces the incidence of metastatic disease or mortality due to neuroblastoma. METHODS We offered urine screening for neuroblastoma at approximately one year of age to 2,581,188 children in 6 of 16 German(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of biological factors may provide tools to discriminate poor risk neuroblastoma patients of diagnosis, to ultimately offer risk adapted treatment intensity. PROCEDURES Tumour cell DNA content, MYCN amplification (NMA), deletion of the short arm of chromosome 1 (del 1p) as well as three serological markers were assessed in 179(More)
Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) in the context of malignancy is mainly considered a challenge of adult haematology. While this association is also observed in children, little is known regarding inciting factors, appropriate treatment and prognosis. We retrospectively analysed 29 paediatric and adolescent patients for presenting features, type of(More)
During the last two decades new diagnostic and therapeutic tools have been utilized to improve the poor survival chances of children with stage 4 neuroblastoma. This study reviews the risk profiles and the long-term outcome of patients from five consecutive German neuroblastoma trials. A total of 96% of all German patients registered at the German childhood(More)
PURPOSE MYCN amplification is an important therapy-stratifying marker in neuroblastoma. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with signal detection on the single-cell level allows a critical judgement of MYCN intratumoral heterogeneity. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The MYCN status was investigated by fluorescence in situ hybridization at diagnosis and relapse.(More)
Neuroblastoma, a childhood tumour of the sympathetic nervous system, may sometimes regress spontaneously in infants, or progress to a poor clinical outcome despite intensive therapy. Neuroblastomas express neurotrophin receptors and high levels of mRNA for trk-A correlates with favourable outcome, whereas trk-B mRNA is expressed by more unfavourable(More)
Amplification of MYCN is the signature genetic aberration of 20-25% of neuroblastoma and a stratifying marker associated with aggressive tumor behavior. The detection of heterogeneous MYCN amplification (hetMNA) poses a diagnostic dilemma due to the uncertainty of its relevance to tumor behavior. Here, we aimed to shed light on the genomic background which(More)
PURPOSE The excellent prognosis of localized neuroblastoma in infants, the overdiagnosis observed in neuroblastoma screening studies, and several case reports of regression of localized neuroblastoma prompted us to initiate a prospective cooperative trial on observation of localized neuroblastoma without cytotoxic treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS For(More)