Freek A Groenman

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PURPOSE The aim of the study was to review the authors' experience with alveolar capillary dysplasia (ACD), a cause of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate (PPHN) caused by decreased alveolar units, dilated anomalous pulmonary veins, thick-walled arterioles, and thickened interalveolar septa. METHODS The records of all neonates with ACD were(More)
Low oxygen stimulates pulmonary vascular development and airway branching and involves hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). HIF is stable and initiates expression of angiogenic factors under hypoxia, whereas normoxia triggers hydroxylation of the HIF-1alpha subunit by prolyl hydroxylases (PHDs) and subsequent degradation. Herein, we investigated whether chemical(More)
INTRODUCTION Management regarding completing hysterectomy in case of intraoperative finding of positive lymph nodes in early-stage cervical cancer differs between institutions. The aim of this study was to compare survival and toxicity after completed hysterectomy followed by adjuvant (chemo-)radiotherapy versus abandoned hysterectomy and primary treatment(More)
Lung development is a highly regulated process directed by mesenchymal-epithelial interactions, which coordinate the temporal and spatial expression of multiple regulatory factors required for proper lung formation. The Iroquois homeobox (Irx) genes have been implicated in the patterning and specification of several Drosophila and vertebrate organs,(More)
The Notch/Notch-ligand pathway regulates cell fate decisions and patterning in various tissues. Several of its components are expressed in the developing lung, suggesting that this pathway is important for airway cellular patterning. Fringe proteins, which modulate Notch signaling, are crucial for defining morphogenic borders in several organs. Their role(More)
This study investigated whether hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1 influences postnatal vascularization and alveologenesis in mice and whether stable (constitutive-active) HIF could prevent hyperoxia-induced lung injury. We assessed postnatal vessel and alveolar formation in transgenic mice, expressing a stable, constitutive-active, HIF1α-subunit (HIF-1αΔODD)(More)
Sonic Hedgehog (Shh)-deficient mice have a severe lung branching defect. Recent studies have shown that hedgehog signaling is involved in vascular development and it is possible that the diminished airway branching in Shh-deficient mice is due to abnormal pulmonary vasculature formation. Therefore, we investigated the role of Shh in pulmonary vascular(More)
Gender-affirming surgeries in female-to-male (FtM) transgender patients include mostly hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and mastectomy. Sometimes further surgery is performed, such as phalloplasty. Colpectomy may be performed to overcome gender dysphoria and disturbing vaginal discharge; furthermore, it may be important in reducing the risk of(More)
Persistent pulmonary hypertension in the newborn (PPHN) is characterised by increased medial and adventitial thickness in the lung vasculature. This study describes morphometry of lung vasculature after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in newborns with PPHN, due to meconium aspiration syndrome, sepsis or idiopathic persistent pulmonary(More)
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