Fredy J. Revilla

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OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that subthalamic nucleus (STN) stimulation in Parkinson disease (PD) patients affects working memory and response inhibition performance, particularly under conditions of high demand on cognitive control. METHODS To test this hypothesis, spatial working memory (spatial delayed response [SDR]) and response inhibition(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess whether subthalamic nuclei (STN) stimulation's primary mechanism of action is to drive or inhibit output neurons. METHODS Cerebral blood flow responses to STN stimulation were measured using PET in 13 patients with Parkinson disease. Patients were scanned with stimulators off and on (six scans each condition). Clinical ratings, EMG,(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of constant-current deep brain stimulation (DBS) have not been studied in controlled trials in patients with Parkinson's disease. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of bilateral constant-current DBS of the subthalamic nucleus. METHODS This prospective, randomised, multicentre controlled trial was done between Sept 26, 2005,(More)
Neurodegeneration with brain iron accumulation encompasses a heterogeneous group of rare neurodegenerative disorders that are characterized by iron accumulation in the brain. Severe generalized dystonia is frequently a prominent symptom and can be very disabling, causing gait impairment, difficulty with speech and swallowing, pain and respiratory distress.(More)
Bradykinesia encompasses slowness, decreased movement amplitude, and dysrhythmia. Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale-based bradykinesia-related items require that clinicians condense abnormalities in speed, amplitude, fatiguing, hesitations, and arrests into a single score. The objective of this study was to evaluate the reliability of a modified(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of unilateral versus bilateral subthalamic nucleus (STN) stimulation on quantitative measures of walking and reaching in Parkinson's disease (PD). We used kinematic measures and the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) motor subscale (subscale III) to evaluate the movement of 6 people with(More)
Parkinson's disease (PD) patients vary widely in their response to levodopa treatment, and this variation may be partially genetic in origin. We determined whether particular dopamine and opioid receptor polymorphisms were associated with risk of earlier onset of dyskinesia side effects during levodopa therapy. Smoking status was also examined. The 92(More)
Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus (STN DBS) improves motor symptoms in idiopathic Parkinson's disease, yet the mechanism of action remains unclear. Previous studies indicate that STN DBS increases regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in immediate downstream targets but does not reveal which brain regions may have functional changes associated(More)
Orthostatic tremor (OT) is a disabling movement disorder associated with postural and gait impairment in the elderly. Medical therapy often yields insufficient benefit. We report the clinical and electrophysiological data on two patients with medication-refractory OT treated with deep brain stimulation of the ventral intermediate thalamic nucleus (Vim DBS).(More)
We sought to determine the effect of deep brain stimulation (DBS) frequency on tremor suppression in essential tremor (ET) patients with deep brain stimulators implanted in the ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM) of the thalamus. A uniaxial accelerometer was used to measure tremor in the right upper extremity of subjects with a diagnosis of ET who had DBS(More)