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In the rat superior cervical ganglion, a form of long term potentiation (LTP) can be elicited by a brief high frequency stimuli applied to the preganglionic nerve. Cumulative evidence shows that a transient increase in cytoplasmic Ca²+ concentration is essential for the generation of the ganglionic LTP. Calcium influx and calcium release from intracellular(More)
The plant alkaloid ryanodine (Ry) is a high-affinity modulator of ryanodine receptor (RyR) Ca(2+) release channels. Although these channels are present in a variety of cell types, their functional role in nerve cells is still puzzling. Here, a monosubstituted fluorescent Ry analogue, B-FL-X Ry, was used to reveal the distribution of RyRs in cultured rat(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the most frequent form of adult leukemia in Western countries, is characterized by a highly variable clinical course. Expression profiling of a series of 160 CLL patients allowed interrogating the genes presumably playing a role in pathogenesis, relating the expression of functionally relevant signatures with the time to(More)
Synaptic transmission in the sympathetic nervous system is a plastic process modulated by different factors. We characterized the effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) on basal transmission and ganglionic long-term potentiation (LTP) in the rat superior cervical ganglion. LTP was elicited by supramaximal tetanic(More)
Synaptic cotransmission is the ability of neurons to use more than one transmitter to convey synaptic signals. Cotransmission was originally described as the presence of a classic transmitter, which conveys main signal, along one or more cotransmitters that modulate transmission, later on, it was found cotransmission of classic transmitters. It has been(More)
Calcium involved in basal ganglionic transmission and long-term potentiation (LTP) can arise either by influx from the extracellular medium or release from intracellular stores. No attempts have yet been made to concurrently explore the contributions of extracellular and intracellular Ca2+ to basal ganglionic transmission or LTP. Here, we investigate this(More)
Sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) coexpress the acetylcholine (ACh)-synthesizing enzyme choline acetyltransferase and different peptides in their cell bodies, but can express them independently in separate varicosities, indicating that SPN segregate transmitters to different synapses. Consequently, there are populations of preganglionic varicosities(More)
Cholinergic sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) coexpress the biosynthetic enzyme for acetylcholine, choline acetyl-transferase (ChAT), and neuropeptides such as enkephalin (ENK) in their cell bodies. However, it is not clear whether they also coexpress ChAT and neuropeptides in axon fibers and boutons. To explore coexpression of ChAT and neuropeptides(More)
Neurons are able to segregate transmitters to different axon endings. Segregation is a plastic neuronal feature; it can be modulated by synaptic environment. We have demonstrated that neurotrophin and other cellular factors regulate segregation in sympathetic neurons in culture. Herein we tested the hypothesis that sympathetic neurons in vivo are also(More)
Sympathetic neurons have the capability to segregate their neurotransmitters (NTs) and co-transmitters to separate varicosities of single axons; furthermore, in culture, these neurons can even segregate classical transmitters. In vivo sympathetic neurons employ acetylcholine (ACh) and other classical NTs such as gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA). Herein, we(More)