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In the rat superior cervical ganglion, a form of long term potentiation (LTP) can be elicited by a brief high frequency stimuli applied to the preganglionic nerve. Cumulative evidence shows that a transient increase in cytoplasmic Ca²+ concentration is essential for the generation of the ganglionic LTP. Calcium influx and calcium release from intracellular(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the most frequent form of adult leukemia in Western countries, is characterized by a highly variable clinical course. Expression profiling of a series of 160 CLL patients allowed interrogating the genes presumably playing a role in pathogenesis, relating the expression of functionally relevant signatures with the time to(More)
The plant alkaloid ryanodine (Ry) is a high-affinity modulator of ryanodine receptor (RyR) Ca(2+) release channels. Although these channels are present in a variety of cell types, their functional role in nerve cells is still puzzling. Here, a monosubstituted fluorescent Ry analogue, B-FL-X Ry, was used to reveal the distribution of RyRs in cultured rat(More)
Human endothelial dysfunction is a common feature in many diseases of pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes (GD). Metabolic changes include abnormal synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) and abnormal membrane transport of l-arginine and adenosine in primary cultures of human umbilical vein (HUVEC, macrovascular) and placental microvillus (hPMEC, microvascular)(More)
Synaptic transmission in the sympathetic nervous system is a plastic process modulated by different factors. We characterized the effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) on basal transmission and ganglionic long-term potentiation (LTP) in the rat superior cervical ganglion. LTP was elicited by supramaximal tetanic(More)
Synaptic cotransmission is the ability of neurons to use more than one transmitter to convey synaptic signals. Cotransmission was originally described as the presence of a classic transmitter, which conveys main signal, along one or more cotransmitters that modulate transmission, later on, it was found cotransmission of classic transmitters. It has been(More)
Recent data suggest that oxygen free radicals are implicated in the pathogenesis of ischemic injury. This study evaluates the effects of allopurinol, a xanthine oxidase (XO) inhibitor, on malonaldehyde generation, free sulfhydryl levels, oxygen consumption, and water contents of rat gastrocnemius muscles of female Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to tourniquet(More)
Calcium involved in basal ganglionic transmission and long-term potentiation (LTP) can arise either by influx from the extracellular medium or release from intracellular stores. No attempts have yet been made to concurrently explore the contributions of extracellular and intracellular Ca2+ to basal ganglionic transmission or LTP. Here, we investigate this(More)
Cholinergic sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) coexpress the biosynthetic enzyme for acetylcholine, choline acetyl-transferase (ChAT), and neuropeptides such as enkephalin (ENK) in their cell bodies. However, it is not clear whether they also coexpress ChAT and neuropeptides in axon fibers and boutons. To explore coexpression of ChAT and neuropeptides(More)
Sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPN) coexpress the acetylcholine (ACh)-synthesizing enzyme choline acetyltransferase and different peptides in their cell bodies, but can express them independently in separate varicosities, indicating that SPN segregate transmitters to different synapses. Consequently, there are populations of preganglionic varicosities(More)