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 We describe a high temporal resolution confocal spot microfluorimetry setup which makes possible the detection of fluorescence transients elicited by Ca2+ indicators in response to large (50–200 μM), short duration (<100 ns), free [Ca2+] transients generated by laser flash photolysis of DM-nitrophen (DM-n; caged Ca2+). The equilibrium and kinetic(More)
We have carried out screens for lethal mutations on the second chromosome of Drosophila melanogaster that are associated with abnormal imaginal disc morphologies, particularly in the wing disc. From a collection of 164 P element-induced mutations with a late larva/pupa lethal phase we have identified 56 new loci whose gene products are required for normal(More)
Mutations in the nubbin (nub) gene have a phenotype consisting of a severe wing size reduction and pattern alterations, such as transformations of distal elements into proximal ones. nub expression is restricted to the wing pouch cells in wing discs since early larval development. These effects are also observed in genetic mosaics where cell proliferation(More)
In the rat superior cervical ganglion, a form of long term potentiation (LTP) can be elicited by a brief high frequency stimuli applied to the preganglionic nerve. Cumulative evidence shows that a transient increase in cytoplasmic Ca²+ concentration is essential for the generation of the ganglionic LTP. Calcium influx and calcium release from intracellular(More)
Human endothelial dysfunction is a common feature in many diseases of pregnancy, such as gestational diabetes (GD). Metabolic changes include abnormal synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) and abnormal membrane transport of l-arginine and adenosine in primary cultures of human umbilical vein (HUVEC, macrovascular) and placental microvillus (hPMEC, microvascular)(More)
The plant alkaloid ryanodine (Ry) is a high-affinity modulator of ryanodine receptor (RyR) Ca(2+) release channels. Although these channels are present in a variety of cell types, their functional role in nerve cells is still puzzling. Here, a monosubstituted fluorescent Ry analogue, B-FL-X Ry, was used to reveal the distribution of RyRs in cultured rat(More)
Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), the most frequent form of adult leukemia in Western countries, is characterized by a highly variable clinical course. Expression profiling of a series of 160 CLL patients allowed interrogating the genes presumably playing a role in pathogenesis, relating the expression of functionally relevant signatures with the time to(More)
Synaptic transmission in the sympathetic nervous system is a plastic process modulated by different factors. We characterized the effects of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and nerve growth factor (NGF) on basal transmission and ganglionic long-term potentiation (LTP) in the rat superior cervical ganglion. LTP was elicited by supramaximal tetanic(More)
Synaptic cotransmission is the ability of neurons to use more than one transmitter to convey synaptic signals. Cotransmission was originally described as the presence of a classic transmitter, which conveys main signal, along one or more cotransmitters that modulate transmission, later on, it was found cotransmission of classic transmitters. It has been(More)
Calcium involved in basal ganglionic transmission and long-term potentiation (LTP) can arise either by influx from the extracellular medium or release from intracellular stores. No attempts have yet been made to concurrently explore the contributions of extracellular and intracellular Ca2+ to basal ganglionic transmission or LTP. Here, we investigate this(More)