Fredrik Spak

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BACKGROUND The aim was to analyse the role of psychiatric disorders in sick-leave in different sick-leave diagnoses. METHOD A stratified population-based sample of women (n = 292) in Göteborg were interviewed, and diagnoses were made according to DSM-III-R. Sick-leave data, including diagnoses, were obtained for two years. RESULTS Women with psychiatric(More)
AIMS To examine the consistency and/or variability of gender differences in drinking behavior cross-culturally. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS Women's and men's responses in 16 general population surveys from 10 countries, analyzed by members of the International Research Group on Gender and Alcohol. MEASUREMENTS Comparable measures of drinking, versus(More)
AIMS To investigate the extent to which Swedish primary health care (PHC) general practitioners (GPs) and nurses discuss alcohol issues with their patients, their reasons for and against addressing alcohol issues, their perceived importance of these issues, and factors that could facilitate increased alcohol intervention activity among the PHC(More)
AIMS To explore the attitudes of Swedish general practitioners (GPs) and nurses to secondary alcohol prevention (early identification of, and intervention for, alcohol-related problems) and compare it to their attitudes to other important lifestyle behaviours such as smoking, stress, exercise, and overweight. METHODS An adjusted version of The WHO(More)
  • F Spak
  • Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica
  • 1996
In a multi-purpose two-phase general population survey of female alcoholism/alcohol problems, unknown alcohol dependence and abuse (ADA) was estimated with interviews and by search of medical and National Insurance Office records. Firstly, 3130 subjects received a screening questionnaire and, secondly, a stratified selection of 399 women were interviewed. A(More)
This study aimed to assess alcohol use and alcohol consumption-related problems in different sociodemographic groups in a rural district in Vietnam. Interviews were completed between March 2004 and July 2004. The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) was applied to interview 3423 people, who were randomly selected in a rural district (1695 men(More)
AIMS To review the literature on detection of risky drinking to compare early identification based on everyday clinical encounters with systematic screening. We also reviewed specific clinical signs that have been suggested to be used as indicators of risky drinking. METHODS A literature review was performed in PubMed and CINAHL of articles up to November(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to explore the predictive value of women's alcohol habits in relation to incidence of diabetes and all-cause mortality. Special attention was paid to potential confounding factors such as age, heredity, education, socioeconomic group, physical inactivity, smoking, blood pressure, serum lipids, and, in particular,(More)
The aim was to assess sick-leave among women in relation to psychiatric disorder. A stratified population-based sample of women in Gothenburg were interviewed and diagnoses were made according to DSM-III-R. Sick-leave data was obtained for a ten year period. Women with psychiatric disorder had higher rates of sick-leave, compared to women without such(More)
BACKGROUND The European level of alcohol consumption, and the subsequent burden of disease, is high compared to the rest of the world. While screening and brief interventions in primary healthcare are cost-effective, in most countries they have hardly been implemented in routine primary healthcare. In this study, we aim to examine the effectiveness and(More)