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AIMS To review the literature on detection of risky drinking to compare early identification based on everyday clinical encounters with systematic screening. We also reviewed specific clinical signs that have been suggested to be used as indicators of risky drinking. METHODS A literature review was performed in PubMed and CINAHL of articles up to November(More)
The study objective was to assess sick-leave among women investigated in a general population survey of alcohol dependence/abuse (ADA). A total of 399 women, selected by stratified random sampling, were interviewed and diagnosed according to DSM-III-R. Data on sick-leave were obtained by linkage with the Social Insurance records. The study found that women(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aims were to study associations between depressive disorders and alcohol dependence/abuse (ADA) in a female population-based sample, and to identify risk indicators common to both depressive disorders and ADA. METHOD Three hundred and sixteen women in a stratified randomized sample were interviewed face to face. They were asked about their(More)
BACKGROUND The European level of alcohol consumption, and the subsequent burden of disease, is high compared to the rest of the world. While screening and brief interventions in primary healthcare are cost-effective, in most countries they have hardly been implemented in routine primary healthcare. In this study, we aim to examine the effectiveness and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to analyse the role of psychiatric disorders in sick-leave in different sick-leave diagnoses. METHOD A stratified population-based sample of women (n = 292) in Göteborg were interviewed, and diagnoses were made according to DSM-III-R. Sick-leave data, including diagnoses, were obtained for two years. RESULTS Women with psychiatric(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to analyse the association between three psychiatric disorders (anxiety disorder, depression and alcohol dependence/abuse) and past year suicidal ideation in women. METHOD As part of the longitudinal population-based study "Women and Alcohol in Göteborg", face-to-face interviews were administered to a stratified sample of 25-65 year(More)
BACKGROUND Antenatal care in Sweden involves a visit in pregnancy week 6-7 for counseling about lifestyle issues, including alcohol. The aim of this study was to investigate alcohol consumption among partners of pregnant women, their motives for changing drinking patterns when becoming a parent and their perceptions of the midwife's counseling about(More)
The aim of this study was to analyse stability of and change in personality traits in a general population sample of women over 5 years. Specific questions were how personality traits changed after a first episode of alcohol dependence/abuse (ADA), anxiety or depression disorders and after remission of an episode. The study was based on data from a(More)
BACKGROUND "Clubs against drugs" (CAD) is a comprehensive program with a systems approach to prevention with the intention of preventing drug use in nightclub environment. In 2001 CAD was developed and implemented in Stockholm and was disseminated to 20 other municipalities in Sweden up until 2010. This study investigates the factors related to the(More)
BACKGROUND Brief interventions in primary healthcare are cost-effective in reducing drinking problems but poorly implemented in routine practice. Although evidence about implementing brief interventions is growing, knowledge is limited with regard to impact of initial role security and therapeutic commitment on brief intervention implementation. METHODS(More)