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AIMS To review the literature on detection of risky drinking to compare early identification based on everyday clinical encounters with systematic screening. We also reviewed specific clinical signs that have been suggested to be used as indicators of risky drinking. METHODS A literature review was performed in PubMed and CINAHL of articles up to November(More)
The study objective was to assess sick-leave among women investigated in a general population survey of alcohol dependence/abuse (ADA). A total of 399 women, selected by stratified random sampling, were interviewed and diagnosed according to DSM-III-R. Data on sick-leave were obtained by linkage with the Social Insurance records. The study found that women(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aims were to study associations between depressive disorders and alcohol dependence/abuse (ADA) in a female population-based sample, and to identify risk indicators common to both depressive disorders and ADA. METHOD Three hundred and sixteen women in a stratified randomized sample were interviewed face to face. They were asked about their(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the study was to explore the predictive value of women's alcohol habits in relation to incidence of diabetes and all-cause mortality. Special attention was paid to potential confounding factors such as age, heredity, education, socioeconomic group, physical inactivity, smoking, blood pressure, serum lipids, and, in particular,(More)
BACKGROUND The European level of alcohol consumption, and the subsequent burden of disease, is high compared to the rest of the world. While screening and brief interventions in primary healthcare are cost-effective, in most countries they have hardly been implemented in routine primary healthcare. In this study, we aim to examine the effectiveness and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to analyse the role of psychiatric disorders in sick-leave in different sick-leave diagnoses. METHOD A stratified population-based sample of women (n = 292) in Göteborg were interviewed, and diagnoses were made according to DSM-III-R. Sick-leave data, including diagnoses, were obtained for two years. RESULTS Women with psychiatric(More)
AIMS To determine the relation between existing levels of alcohol screening and brief intervention rates in five European jurisdictions and role security and therapeutic commitment by the participating primary healthcare professionals. METHODS Health care professionals consisting of, 409 GPs, 282 nurses and 55 other staff including psychologists, social(More)
AIM The gender gap in alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm still is considerable and largely unexplained. This paper introduces four studies performed in Sweden that explore factors influencing gender differences in levels of consumption, adverse consequences and treatment. METHOD We summarize and discuss these four studies performed within the(More)
AIMS The study explores treatment-seeking processes in men and women with alcohol problems, focusing on promoting and hindering factors. METHODS Open interviews were held with five women and seven men within a month of their first voluntary treatment for alcohol problems. The interview protocols were analysed consecutively in accordance with grounded(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to analyse the association between three psychiatric disorders (anxiety disorder, depression and alcohol dependence/abuse) and past year suicidal ideation in women. METHOD As part of the longitudinal population-based study "Women and Alcohol in Göteborg", face-to-face interviews were administered to a stratified sample of 25-65 year(More)