Fredrik P Tolin

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Pulmonary macrophages play an important role in the host defense against infection, and the importance of this role is probably enhanced when the upper airway defenses are circumvented by endotracheal intubation. Studies in animals suggest that exposure to volatile anesthetics compromises the viability and function of alveolar macrophages. We studied the(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a lethal, progressive neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of motor neurons.(1) Patients with ALS lose function in the limbs, speech, swallowing, and breathing muscles. The cause of the disease is still not known for most patients. Approximately 25,000 people in the United States have ALS, and 5,000 people(More)
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