Fredrik Kartberg

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Macromolecular crowding dramatically affects cellular processes such as protein folding and assembly, regulation of metabolic pathways, and condensation of DNA. Despite increased attention, we still lack a definition for how crowded a heterogeneous environment is at the molecular scale and how this manifests in basic physical phenomena like diffusion. Here,(More)
We have investigated the role for diacylglycerol (DAG) in membrane bud formation in the Golgi apparatus. Addition of propranolol to specifically inhibit phosphatidate phosphohydrolase (PAP), an enzyme responsible for converting phosphatidic acid into DAG, effectively prevents formation of membrane buds. The effect of PAP inhibition on Golgi membranes is(More)
Coat protein complex I (COPI) vesicles play a central role in the recycling of proteins in the early secretory pathway and transport of proteins within the Golgi stack. Vesicle formation is initiated by the exchange of GDP for GTP on ARF1 (ADP-ribosylation factor 1), which, in turn, recruits the coat protein coatomer to the membrane for selection of cargo(More)
Intracellular transport has remained central to cell biology now for more than 40 years. Despite this, we still lack an overall mechanistic framework that describes transport in different parts of the cell. In the secretory pathway, basic questions, such as how biosynthetic cargo traverses the pathway, are still debated. Historically, emphasis was first put(More)
Immunotherapy is a promising strategy for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Antibodies directed against Amyloid Beta (Aβ) are able to successfully clear plaques and reverse cognitive deficits in mouse models. Excitement towards this approach has been tempered by high profile failures in the clinic, one key issue has been the development of(More)
Transient expression of heterologous proteins in mammalian systems is a powerful way to generate protein reagents quickly. However, it has historically suffered from poor yields in comparison to methods where the recombinant gene is stably integrated into the genome and high expressing clones isolated. Transient methods have been well described for(More)
Nerve growth factor-β (NGF) is essential for the correct development of the nervous system. NGF exists in both a mature form and a pro-form (proNGF). The two forms have opposing effects on neurons: NGF induces proliferation, whereas proNGF induces apoptosis via binding to a receptor complex of the common neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR) and sortilin. The(More)
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