Fredrik Jonsson

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Dichloromethane (methylene chloride, DCM) is metabolized via two pathways in humans: mixed-function oxidases (MFO) and glutathione-S:-transferase (GST). Most likely, the carcinogenicity for DCM is related to metabolic activation of DCM via the GST pathway. However, as the two pathways are competing, the metabolic capacity for the MFO pathway in vivo is also(More)
Physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models are often optimized by adjusting metabolic parameters so as to fit experimental toxicokinetic data. The estimates of the metabolic parameters are then conditional on the assumed values for all other parameters. Meanwhile, the reliability of other parameters, or the structural model, is usually not(More)
Obesity increases the risk of certain cancer types, e.g., cancer of the endometrium, colon and gallbladder. For some other cancer forms, e.g., prostate cancer, the association is less clear. We examined the association between body mass index (BMI) and hormone-dependent tumors, utilizing a cohort of 21,884 Swedish twins born during 1886-1925. Information(More)
An inverse association between self-reported allergies and glioma and meningioma risk, has been previously observed in case-control studies. Approximately 27% (median) of the information on both glioma and meningioma in these studies, however, is collected from proxy respondents. In fact, the odds ratios (OR) among previous brain tumor studies are inversely(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have identified occupational exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (EMF) as a potential risk factor for neurodegenerative disease, but the evidence is contradictory and inconclusive. METHODS We conducted a cohort study to explore these associations. We studied all economically active individuals in the(More)
Animal studies have implicated styrene as toxic to the central nervous system and its major metabolite styrene-7,8-oxide as a carcinogen. Therefore, a reliable estimate of the metabolic capacity for styrene in humans is of interest. However, the available models describing styrene kinetics in humans lack rigorous statistical validation and also ignore the(More)
The carcinogenicity of dichloromethane (DCM) is related to metabolic activation mediated by glutathione transferase theta 1 (GSTT1), whereas oxidation serves as a detoxification pathway. The aim of this study was to calculate the excess cancer risk from DCM, using Bayesian statistics. In a first step, a previously developed population physiologically based(More)
Due to the lipophilicity of many xenobiotics, the perfusion of fat tissue is of special interest in physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling. In order to estimate inter- and intra-individual variability in fat tissue blood flow with exercise, a population PBPK model for toluene was fitted to experimental data from subjects exposed to toluene(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this paper is to explain how different emergency services adopt and adapt the same hospital-wide lean-inspired intervention and how this is reflected in hospital process performance data. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH A multiple case study based on a realistic evaluation approach to identify mechanisms for how lean impacts process(More)