Fredrik Haas

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The effects of rhythmic input on breath period (TT) under constant metabolic drive were assessed in 10 musically trained and 10 untrained subjects. They tapped to a metronome and then to four musical segments, each for 5 min. Ten of these subjects (5 from each group) also listened to the selections without tapping. TT, beat period (TB), and phase coupling(More)
Ventilatory responses to inspiratory elastic and resistive loads of 67 men were analyzed. During the 1st, 5th, and 10th consecutively loaded breaths 1) individual responses ranged from a rapid-shallow to a slow-deep breathing pattern; 2) strong tidal volume (VT) defenders employed longer inspirations than did weak VT defenders; and 3) individual frequency(More)
First-breath ventilatory responses to graded inspiratory elastic and resistive loads were obtained from 80 women unfamiliar with respiratory experimentation. For each load 1) responses from different subjects ranged from a weak tidal volume defense coupled with an increased breathing frequency to a strong tidal volume defense coupled with a decreased(More)
Sperm performance is likely to be an important determinant of male reproductive success, especially when females copulate with multiple males. Understanding sperm performance is therefore crucial to fully understand the evolution of male reproductive strategies. In this study, we examined the repeatability of sperm morphology and motility measures over(More)
Sexual selection may drive speciation, but most research focuses on pre-copulatory sexual selection, overlooking post-copulatory processes. Post-copulatory sexual selection in allopatric populations could drive divergence in post-copulatory pre-zygotic (PCPZ) phenotypes, limiting gene flow upon secondary contact. Here, we performed in vitro experiments(More)
First-breath ventilatory responses to graded elastic (delta E) and resistive (delta R) loads from 10 people with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), 15 people with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), and 80 able-bodied people were compared. The SMA and DMD groups produced equal tidal volume, respiratory frequency, inspiratory duration (TI), expiratory duration,(More)
Postzygotic isolation in the form of reduced viability and/or fertility of hybrids may help maintain species boundaries in the face of interspecific gene flow. Past hybridization events between house sparrows (Passer domesticus) and Spanish sparrows (P. hispaniolensis) have given rise to a homoploid hybrid species, the Italian sparrow (P. italiae). Although(More)
Theory predicts that variability in size and the shape of a morphological trait should often be stable both at the intra- and interspecific level. We studied variation in beak integration among several populations of two species of the genus Passer, a hybrid species, the Italian sparrow (Passer italiae) and one of its parents, the Spanish sparrow (Passer(More)
Two groups of 24 subjects each attempted to discriminate between large elastic and resistive loads during 50 randomized presentations of each load. Breathers inspired from the loads through a J valve, whereas pullers reciprocally stroked the plunger of a 2-liter syringe connected to the J valve. A range of load durations was obtained in each subject by(More)
First-breath ventilatory responses to graded elastic and resistive loads were obtained from 15 people with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), 5 people with facioscapulohumeral MD (FSH), 3 people with Becker MD, and 3 people with limb-girdle MD. For each load tidal volumes from different individuals ranged from relatively small to comparatively large values,(More)
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