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Progesterone (P4) has been reported to inhibit oxytocin (OT) binding to its receptor in isolated murine endometrial membranes. The purpose of the present research was to 1). examine the in vivo and in vitro effect of P4 on the binding of OT to its receptor in the ovine endometrium and 2). determine whether the endometrial plasma membranes have high-affinity(More)
A review of the current state of knowledge of oxytocin production by the preovulatory follicle and corpus luteum is presented. Corpora lutea of a number of mammalian species have been found to synthesize oxytocin. However, the synthesis and secretion of this nanopeptide by the corpus luteum of the ruminant has been most extensively studied because of the(More)
Gilts bred at first (n = 18) and third (n = 18) estrus were assigned in replicates of equal numbers to be slaughtered on d 3, 15 and 30 post-mating to assess fertilization rate, embryonic losses and serum concentrations of estrogen (estradiol-17 beta + estrone) and progesterone. Mean number of ovulations was lower among gilts bred at first vs third estrus(More)
We tested the hypothesis that progesterone (P(4)) acts at a local level to inhibit luteal apoptosis. Initial experiments employed aminoglutethimide, a P450 cholesterol side-chain cleavage inhibitor, to inhibit steroid synthesis. Cultured bovine luteal cells were treated with aminoglutethimide (0.15 mM) +/- P(4) (500 ng/ml) for 48 h. Luteal cells were(More)
A study was conducted to determine the effects of exogenous melatonin and bromocriptine (CB-154), an inhibitor of prolactin synthesis and secretion, on the induction of winter fur growth in mink. Melatonin (10 and 120 mg) was administered to mink (N = 5/group) via silastic implants inserted sc over the scapular area during the last week of June 1985.(More)
The male-oriented ram is a unique and valuable animal model for the study of hormonal, developmental and genetic contributions to sexual partner preference. Unlike most other mammalian models that are in use currently, variations in sexual attraction occur spontaneously in domestic ram populations. It is estimated that as many as 8-10% of rams exhibit a(More)
Two experiments were conducted to evaluate effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on the function of the bovine corpus luteum during the estrous cycle. In Experiment 1, 10 beef heifers were assigned randomly into two groups; each heifer served as her own control. Heifers in Group I (n = 5) were injected i.v. with vehicle (saline) on Day 2 of the(More)