Fredric Daum

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Clinical experience suggests that 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) is effective therapy for children with active steroid-dependent Crohn's disease (CD). We report the results of a prospective, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial evaluating the combination of 6-MP and prednisone as therapy for children with newly diagnosed moderate-to-severe CD.(More)
Neuronal intestinal dysplasia (NID) clinically resembles Hirschsprung's disease but is characterized by hyperplasia rather than aganglionosis of the intramural plexus. Surgical intervention is common. We report the 5-year follow-up of an infant with the mixed form of NID managed medically and a method by which NID can be quantified histologically.(More)
To assess whether children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) develop permanent impairment of linear growth, we analyzed records from 48 young adults who had IBD during childhood or early adolescence (Tanner I-III; 11.8 +/- 2.4 years old at diagnosis). All were fully grown (Tanner V; 21.1 +/- 3.0 years) at last examination. Adult heights were predicted(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of oral tacrolimus as an induction agent in steroid-refractory severe colitis. STUDY DESIGN Open-label, multicenter trial of oral tacrolimus in patients with severe colitis. Patients not responding to conventional therapy received tacrolimus, 0.1 mg/kg/dose given twice a day, and the dosage was adjusted to achieve blood(More)
A 19-year-old white male with Crohn's disease, who complained of passing urine per rectum and having retrograde ejaculations, was noted to have a urethroperineal-rectal fistula. The fistulous communication remained patent despite pharmacologic therapy, a diversion ileostomy, and a total proctocolectomy. A fistulectomy and definitive urethral repair finally(More)
OBJECTIVE:To identify changes over the past decade in physicians’ attitudes regarding the use of immunomodulatory agents for the treatment of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), we surveyed the membership of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition and compared the responses to those from an identical survey(More)
Adverse reactions to aspirin, a potentially hepatotoxic drug, are believed to be dose related. This article reviews the medical literature and described two children with aspirin hepatitis. Hepatic dysfunction recurred in one of these patients at salicylate concentrations in serum previously considered nontoxic.
Thirteen pediatric patients with Crohn's disease, aged 12-22 yr, were studied to assess the prevalence of peripheral neuropathy due to oral metronidazole. After 4-11 mo of therapy, 11 of 13 patients (85%) had a sensory peripheral neuropathy, determined by abnormal neurologic examinations or reduced nerve conduction velocities, or both. Only 6 of the 11(More)
The clinical and pathological features of perianal disease in children and adolescents with Crohn's disease have been delineated. Of the 149 patients (mean age 12.1 yr, range 0.75-21 yr, 68% male), 73 (49%) had perianal disease including 51 with fissures and tags, 10 with fistulas, and 12 with abscesses. Ileocolitis was seen in 68% of all patients and in(More)