Fredine T. Lauer

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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and arsenic are both environmental agents that are known to have significant immunotoxicity. Previous studies have shown that PAH exposure of spleen cells in vitro produces significant immune suppression of humoral immunity, especially when P450 activation products are examined. Exposure to arsenic, particularly(More)
Previous studies in this laboratory have shown that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) alter Ca2+ homeostasis and inhibit activation of both B and T lymphocytes obtained from rodents and humans. In the present studies, we demonstrate that alpha-naphthoflavone (ANF), an inhibitor of cytochrome P4501A activity, reduced the Ca2+ elevation produced by BaP(More)
The potential health effects of inhaling carbon nanotubes are important because of possible exposures in occupational settings. Previously, we have shown mice that have inhaled multiwalled carbon nanotubes have suppressed systemic immune function. Here, we show the mechanisms for this immune suppression. Mice were exposed to 0, 0.3 or 1 mg m(-3) multiwalled(More)
We have recently reported that 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) inhibits epidermal growth factor (EGF) withdrawal-induced apoptosis in the human mammary epithelial cell line MCF-10A. We hypothesized that TCDD-mediated inhibition of apoptosis was due to its ability to stimulate the EGF receptor (EGFR) pathway. Indeed, in the present studies, the(More)
Carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and a halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon, 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), were evaluated for their effects on intracellular Ca2+ in the human mammary epithelial cell line MCF-10A. After two 18-h incubations with MCF-10A cells, benzo[a]pyrene (BaP; 1, 3, and 10 microM) produced a dose-dependent increase(More)
7,12-Dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA) is a potent carcinogen that induces immunosuppression of both humoral and cell-mediated immunity in mice and other species. Previous studies have shown that CYP1B1 is required for bone marrow toxicity produced by DMBA in mice. Therefore, the purpose of these studies was to determine whether CYP1B1 was required for(More)
Flow cytometry offers numerous advantages over traditional techniques for measuring intracellular Ca(2+) in lymphoid and nonlymphoid cells. In particular, the heterogeneity of cell responses can be defined by flow cytometry, and multiparameter analyses permit the determination of intracellular Ca(2+) in surface-marker-defined target cells as well as(More)
Dibenzo[def,p]chrysene (DBC) is a potent environmental carcinogen in rodents, fish, and human cells examined in culture. There are numerous similarities between the patterns of cytochrome P-450 (P450) activation of DBC and its covalent binding to DNA and proteins with another polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH), 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). Our(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, such as benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), are known mammary carcinogens in rodents and may be involved in human breast cancer. The carcinogenicity of BaP has been partially attributed to the formation of the BaP diol epoxide (BPDE), which has been shown to stably bind DNA and act as an initiator. BaP is a complete carcinogen, but the(More)
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are major components of diesel exhaust particles found in pollutant respirable particles. There is growing evidence that these fossil fuel combustion products exacerbate allergic inflammation. Basophils contribute to allergic inflammation through the release of preformed and granule-derived mediators. To determine(More)