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Integrin-associated protein (IAP/CD47) is physically associated with the alpha v beta 3 vitronectin (Vn) receptor and a functionally and immunologically related integrin on neutrophils (PMN) and monocytes. Anti-IAP antibodies inhibit multiple phagocyte functions, including Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD)-initiated activation of phagocytosis, chemotaxis, and respiratory(More)
Granulocyte [polymorphonuclear leucocyte (PMN)] migration to sites of infection and subsequent activation is essential for host defense. Gene-targeted mice deficient for integrin-associated protein (IAP, also termed CD47) succumbed to Escherichia coli peritonitis at inoccula survived by heterozygous littermates. In vivo, they had an early defect in PMN(More)
Integrin Associated Protein (LAP) is a 50-kD membrane protein which copurifies with the inte-grin a4~3 from placenta and coimmunoprecipitates with 153 from platelets. IAP also is functionally associated with signal transduction from the Leukocyte Response Integrin. Using tryptic peptide sequence, human and murine IAP cDNAs have been isolated. The protein(More)
The immune system recognizes invaders as foreign because they express determinants that are absent on host cells or because they lack "markers of self" that are normally present. Here we show that CD47 (integrin-associated protein) functions as a marker of self on murine red blood cells. Red blood cells that lacked CD47 were rapidly cleared from the(More)
In autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), circulating red blood cells (RBCs) opsonized with autoantibody are recognized by macrophage Fc ␥ and complement receptors. This triggers phagocytosis and elimination of RBCs from the circulation by splenic macrophages. We recently found that CD47 on unopsonized RBCs binds macrophage signal regulatory protein ␣ (SIRP(More)
The integrin-associated protein (IAP, CD47) is a 50-kD plasma membrane protein with a single extracellular immunoglobulin variable (IgV)-like domain, a multiply membrane-spanning segment, and alternatively spliced short cytoplasmic tails. On neutrophils, IAP has been shown to function in a signaling complex with beta 3 integrins. However, the function of(More)
Integrin-associated protein (IAP/CD47) augments the function of alpha2beta1 integrin in smooth muscle cells (SMC), resulting in enhanced chemotaxis toward soluble collagen (Wang, X-Q., and W.A. Frazier. 1998. Mol. Biol. Cell. 9:865). IAP-deficient SMC derived from IAP(-/-) animals did not migrate in response to 4N1K (KRFYVVMWKK), a peptide agonist of IAP(More)
Integrin-associated protein (CD47) is a broadly expressed protein that costimulates T cells, facilitates leukocyte migration, and inhibits macrophage scavenger function. To determine the role of CD47 in regulating alloresponses, CD47(+/+) or CD47(-/-) T cells were infused into irradiated or nonconditioned major histocompatibility complex disparate(More)
Neutrophils have long been regarded as essential for host defense against Staphylococcus aureus infection. However, survival of the pathogen inside various cells, including phagocytes, has been proposed as a mechanism for persistence of this microorganism in certain infections. Therefore, we investigated whether survival of the pathogen inside(More)
Integrin-associated protein (CD47) is a multiply membrane spanning member of the immunoglobulin superfamily that regulates some adhesion-dependent cell functions through formation of a complex with alphavbeta3 integrin and trimeric G proteins. Cholesterol is critical for the association of the three protein components of the supramolecular complex and for(More)