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PURPOSE We investigated the participation of nitric oxide in ifosfamide induced hemorrhagic cystitis in mice, and the involvement of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-1beta in the induction of nitric oxide production in this model. MATERIALS AND METHODS Hemorrhagic cystitis was induced in mice by 100 to 400 mg./kg. ifosfamide and(More)
To investigate the role of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the resistance to Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb) infection, mice with homologous disruption of the IFN-gamma (GKO) or TNF-alpha receptor p55 (p55KO) were infected with the parasite. GKO and p55KO, but not wild-type (WT) mice, were unable to control the(More)
The activation of the nitric oxide (NO) production system and its involvement in the control of the lung fungal burden and in immunosuppression mechanisms were studied during the course of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis-infected mice. Mice that had been infected with the fungus were treated daily with a specific inhibitor of NO synthesis, N(More)
The role of cell wall polysaccharides in leucocyte recruitment and granuloma formation in paracoccidioidomycosis was investigated. The inflammatory cells recruitment to the peritoneal cavity in rats inoculated with cell wall fraction (CW-265 or F1-265) from an avirulent strain of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb265), was greater than that observed for the(More)
In a previous study, we reported an increase in the number of immunoglobulin-secreting cells and the augmentation of antibody production (IgM and IgG3) against unrelated antigens (sheep erythrocytes or bovine serum albumin (BSA)) in mice infected with the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis as well as in mice inoculated with its cell wall preparation (CW).(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF) was detected in serum from mice challenged with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The serum TNF levels of mice challenged with an avirulent strain were significantly higher than those of mice challenged with a virulent strain, and the same was observed for the TNF levels of mice challenged with a cell wall fraction (F1) from the(More)
We investigated whether PGE2 mediates the immunosuppression observed during Paracoccidioides brasilensis infection. Con-A-stimulated splenocytes, isolated from mice on days 15 and 60 of infection, release high amounts of PGE2, this release was inhibited by the treatment of animals with indomethacin, sodium salicylate or meloxicam. The treatment of the(More)
The activation of inflammatory cells and consequent release of mediators play an important role in the resorption of mineralized tissues. In the present study, we examined the ability of dentin extracts to induce inflammatory cell recruitment and activation. We showed here that dentin extracts triggered an intense cell migration and progressive cell(More)
In order to investigate the ability of rat peritoneal eosinophils to produce nitric oxide (NO) induced by cytokines in vitro, these cells were activated with several cytokines (IL-5, IL-8, Rantes, TNF-alpha, IFN-gamma) in association or not with LPS. Under these conditions, we were able to detect nitrite in the incubation medium when the eosinophils were(More)
Young rabbits (1-2 months of age) inoculated with trypomastigote forms of the Colombia strain of Trypanosoma cruzi have been shown to develop cardiac pathological changes (together with parasitological and immunological alterations) which are very similar to those observed in the acute and chronic phases of Chagas' disease in man. The cardiac alterations in(More)