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CONTEXT The cause of declining testosterone (T) in aging men and their relationships with risk factors are unclear. OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to investigate the relationships between lifestyle and health with reproductive hormones in aging men. DESIGN This was a baseline cross-sectional survey on 3200 community-dwelling men aged 40-79 yr(More)
CONTEXT Physical frailty is associated with reduced muscle strength, impaired physical function, and quality of life. Testosterone (T) increases muscle mass and strength in hypogonadal patients. It is unclear whether T has similar effects in intermediate-frail and frail elderly men with low to borderline-low T. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine the(More)
Quantitative ultrasound of the heel captures heel bone properties that independently predict fracture risk and, with bone mineral density (BMD) assessed by X-ray (DXA), may be convenient alternatives for evaluating osteoporosis and fracture risk. We performed a meta-analysis of genome-wide association (GWA) studies to assess the genetic determinants of heel(More)
BACKGROUND Although there is evidence that vitamin D inadequacy may be linked to adverse cognitive outcomes, results from studies on this topic have been inconsistent. The aim of this trial was to examine the association between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels and cognitive performance in middle-aged and older European men. METHODS This(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of sex hormones on markers of bone turnover and to explore the association between these markers and bone health in middle-aged and elderly European men. DESIGN A cross-sectional population-based survey. METHODS Men aged 40-79 years were recruited from population registers in eight European centres. Subjects completed a(More)
We have undertaken a prospective analysis of the diagnostic significance of three different criteria of human sperm function including the conventional semen profile, measurements of hamster-oocyte fusion, and determinations of reactive oxygen species generation in 139 couples. The latter, who were characterized by a lack of detectable abnormalities in the(More)
INTRODUCTION Limited information is available concerning the general and sexual health status of European men. AIM To investigate the age-related changes in general and sexual health in middle-aged and older men from different countries of the European Union. METHODS This is a cross-sectional multicenter survey performed on a sample of 3,369(More)
Cells isolated from the ejaculates of a high proportion of patients exhibiting oligozoospermia are characterized by generation rates of reactive oxygen species that considerably exceed those obtained for the normal fertile population. The purpose of this study was to resolve the cellular source of this enhanced activity. Semen samples from a cohort of(More)
The new ISA, ISSAM, EAU, EAA and ASA recommendations on the investigation, treatment and monitoring of late-onset hypogonadism in males provide updated evidence-based information for clinicians who diagnose and treat patients with adult onset, age related testosterone deficiency.