Frederick W Miller

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The IIM are a heterogeneous group of systemic rheumatic diseases which share the common features of chronic muscle weakness and mononuclear cell infiltrates in muscle. A number of classification schemes have been proposed for them, but none takes into consideration the marked immunologic, clinical, and genetic heterogeneity of the various clinical groups.(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the safety and efficacy of rituximab in a randomized, double-blind, placebo-phase trial in adult and pediatric myositis patients. METHODS Adults with refractory polymyositis (PM) and adults and children with refractory dermatomyositis (DM) were enrolled. Entry criteria included muscle weakness and ≥2 additional abnormal values on core(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical, serologic, and immunogenetic correlations in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM), and to evaluate the useful grouping of some diseases for practical clinical purposes. METHODS Patients with IIM were categorized according to clinical presentation as compared with autoantibody specificity. Serum(More)
Monozygotic (MZ) twins are partially concordant for most complex diseases, including autoimmune disorders. Whereas phenotypic concordance can be used to study heritability, discordance suggests the role of non-genetic factors. In autoimmune diseases, environmentally driven epigenetic changes are thought to contribute to their etiology. Here we report the(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify new genetic associations with juvenile and adult dermatomyositis (DM). METHODS We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of adult and juvenile DM patients of European ancestry (n = 1,178) and controls (n = 4,724). To assess genetic overlap with other autoimmune disorders, we examined whether 141 single-nucleotide(More)
Using immunoprecipitation, we identified 13 patients with antibodies to the signal recognition particle (SRP) from a collection of sera representing 265 polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) patients. Antibody reactivity with SRP was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunoprecipitation with isolated dog pancreas SRP. The antibody was(More)
OBJECTIVE In polymyositis and dermatomyositis (DM), identified autoantibodies occur in <50% of adult patients and in a smaller proportion of children. This study was undertaken as part of a larger effort to define novel autoantibodies that assist in the clinical evaluation of myositis. METHODS Sera from children and adults satisfying criteria for(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if geoclimatic factors may influence the nature and frequency of dermatomyositis (DM), polymyositis, and associated autoantibodies around the world. METHODS We assessed, in the first global evaluation of these conditions, the relationship between 13 geoclimatic variables that may modulate disease and the relative proportion of DM(More)
OBJECTIVE To devise new tools to assess activity and damage in patients with idiopathic myopathies (IIM). METHODS An international multidisciplinary consensus effort to standardize the conduct and reporting of the myositis clinical trials has been established. Two tools, known as the myositis intention to treat index (MITAX) and the myositis disease(More)
An autosomal recessive deficiency of acid alpha-glucosidase (GAA), type II glycogenosis, is genetically and clinically heterogeneous. The discovery of an enzyme-inactivating genomic deletion of exon 18 in three unrelated genetic compound patients--two infants and an adult--provided a rare opportunity to analyze the effect of the second mutation in patients(More)