Frederick S. Gimble

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PI-Scel is a bifunctional yeast protein that propagates its mobile gene by catalyzing protein splicing and site-specific DNA double-strand cleavage. Here, we report the 2.4 A crystal structure of the PI-Scel protein. The structure is composed of two separate domains (I and II) with novel folds and different functions. Domain I, which is elongated and formed(More)
The first X-ray structures of an intein-DNA complex, that of the two-domain homing endonuclease PI-SceI bound to its 36-base pair DNA substrate, have been determined in the presence and absence of Ca(2+). The DNA shows an asymmetric bending pattern, with a major 50 degree bend in the endonuclease domain and a minor 22 degree bend in the splicing domain(More)
I-SceI is a homing endonuclease that specifically cleaves an 18-bp double-stranded DNA. I-SceI exhibits a strong preference for cleaving the bottom strand DNA. The published structure of I-SceI bound to an uncleaved DNA substrate provided a mechanism for bottom strand cleavage but not for top strand cleavage. To more fully elucidate the I-SceI catalytic(More)
An unusual protein splicing reaction joins the N-terminal segment (A) and the C-terminal segment (C) of the 119K primary translation product (ABC) of the yeast VMA1 gene to yield a 69K vacuolar H(+)-ATPase subunit (AC) and an internal 50K polypeptide (B). This 50K protein is a site-specific DNA endonuclease that shares 34% identity with the homothallic(More)
The PI-SceI endonuclease from yeast belongs to a protein family whose members contain two conserved dodecapeptide motifs within their primary sequences. The function of two acidic residues within these motifs, Asp218 and Asp326, was examined by substituting alanine, asparagine, and glutamic acid residues at these positions. All of the purified mutant(More)
Homing endonuclease genes (HEGs) are mobile DNA elements that are thought to confer no benefit to their host. They encode site-specific DNA endonucleases that perpetuate the element within a species population by homing and disseminate it between species by horizontal transfer. Several yeast species contain the VMA1 HEG that encodes the intein-associated(More)
Under physiological conditions, lambda repressor can be inactivated in vivo or in vitro by RecA-mediated cleavage of the polypeptide chain. The repressor protein is thought to cleave itself, with RecA acting to stimulate autodigestion. ind- repressor mutants are resistant to RecA-mediated inactivation in vivo. In this paper, we report the purification of 15(More)
In somatic mammalian cells, homologous recombination is a rare event. To study the effects of chromosomal breaks on frequency of homologous recombination, site-specific endonucleases were introduced into human cells by electroporation. Cell lines with a partial duplication within the HPRT (hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase) gene were created through(More)
Persistence of a mobile DNA element in a population reflects a balance between the ability of the host to eliminate the element and the ability of the element to survive and to disseminate to other individuals. In each of the three biological kingdoms, several families of a mobile DNA element have been identified which encode a single protein that acts on(More)