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Diabetes mellitus is associated frequently with congestive heart failure in humans, even in the absence of associated coronary disease or hypertension. Nevertheless, the effects of the diabetic state on myocardial mechanics have not been studied. Accordingly, diabetes was induced in female Wistar rats by injection of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg). Left(More)
Diabetic cardiomyopathy as a distinct entity was first recognized by Rubler et al. in diabetics with congestive heart failure (CHF), who had no evidence of coronary atherosclerosis. The Framingham study showed a 2.4-fold increased incidence of CHF in diabetic men and a 5.1-fold increase in diabetic women over 18 years. Pathological studies show left(More)
Evidence has been presented regarding alterations of contractile behavior muscle biochemistry, and ulstrastructure during the course of the hereditary hamster cardiomyopathy. Also, preliminary structural and mechanical data were presented on the acquired cardiomyopathy of diabetes mellitus in experimental animals. In the hamster model, contractile(More)
Diabetes appears to cause a cardiomyopathy independent of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease and hypertension. Left ventricular papillary muscle function studies in rats made severely diabetic with streptozotocin have shown a slowing of relaxation and a depression of shortening velocity. However, the effects of insulin therapy on the myocardial(More)
Diabetes mellitus causes congestive heart failure in humans, independent of atherosclerosis. The present study extends previous work on the reversibility, with insulin, of the alterations in myocardial function and contractile protein biochemistry observed in diabetic rats. The response of these alterations to different fixed doses of insulin was explored.(More)
In order to determine whether diabetic cardiomyopathy in rats is associated with altered contractile proteins, male and female rats were made diabetic with intravenous streptozotocin (STZ). Calcium ATPase activity of cardiac actomyosin was significantly decreased after 1 week of diabetes and was depressed by 60% by 2 weeks. Rats pretreated with 3-O-methyl(More)
Diabetes induced by streptozotocin in rats is associated with changes in the mechanical function of isolated ventricular papillary muscle. Relaxation is slowed and shortening velocity is depressed. The effects of ouabain (10(-7) to 2 x 10(-4)M) and changes in extracellular calcium ([Ca2+]0 = 0.6 to 12 mM) on the mechanical and electrical properties of(More)
The authors have continued their investigation of the hypertensive-diabetic (HD) rat by evaluating changes in the myocardial microvasculature in this model. Perfusion of HD animals in vivo with a silicone rubber solution revealed numerous areas of microvascular tortuosity, focal constrictions, and microaneurysm formation. These alterations were present to a(More)
In rats, chronic diabetes is associated with depressed cardiac myosin ATPase activity and a shift from the predominant V1 isoenzyme to V3, correlating with depressed contractility. Rabbit myocardium consists mostly of the V3 isoenzyme, and therefore a switch to even more V3 isoenzyme in diabetes might not be possible and therefore not explain the mechanical(More)