Frederick O. Bowman

Learn More
Atrial standstill secondary to atrial inexcitability or atrial quiescence was diagnosed in 11 patients and atrial standstill, in which atrial excitability was still present though depressed, was diagnosed in two patients during the immediate period following openheart surgery. Atrial quiescence was successfully treated in six patients and atrial standstill(More)
We used standard microelectrode techniques to study the effects of histamine on right atrial tissues from patients undergoing corrective cardiac surgery. In the 10(-6) to 10(-4) M range, histamine increased maximum diastolic potential, action potential amplitude, and automaticity. In some preparations, histamine also induced delayed afterdepolarizations and(More)
Noninvasive exercise testing was used to assess gas exchange in 13 patients age 6-25 yr who had undergone Fontan procedures for tricuspid atresia, five of whom had preexisting Glenn shunts. The results were compared to 28 age- and sex-matched controls. Oxygen saturation was measured by ear oximetry at rest and after exercise. Ventilation, oxygen consumption(More)
An unusual case is presented in which an atrioventricular (A-V) junctional tachycardia at a rate of 285 beats/min developed in the immediate postoperative period following surgical repair (a Mustard procedure) of transposition of the great vessels in a four-month-old infant. With that heart rate the systolic blood pressure bacame 35-40 mm Hg and urinary(More)
Between 1974 and 1979 nine patients, aged 10 months to 4 years, underwent left ventriculotomy for closure of single or multiple defects in the muscular ventricular septum. The vertical incision paralleled the anterior descending branch of the left coronary artery near the apex of the left ventricle and ranged from 2.5 to 3.5 cm in length. Four patients also(More)
Fifteen patients with various congenital heart defects were studied during open heart surgery in order to establish the precise mechanism by which a right ventriculotomy causes a right bundle branch block (RBBB) pattern on the scalar electrocardiogram (ECG). All required a right ventriculotomy for the correction of their defects. In each, the right(More)
Conduction time from the region of the sinus node to the region of the atrioventricular (A-V) node was studied during open heart surgery in 13 patients with an endocardial cushion type atrial septal defect, eight patients with a secundum type atrial septal defect, one patient with a sinus venosus type atrial septal defect, and eight patients with an intact(More)