Frederick L. Tyson

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Addressing health disparities has been a national challenge for decades. The National Institutes of Health-sponsored Centers for Population Health and Health Disparities are the first federal initiative to support transdisciplinary multilevel research on the determinants of health disparities. Their novel research approach combines population, clinical, and(More)
This chapter describes resources and technologies generated by the NIH Roadmap Epigenomics Program that may be useful to epigenomics researchers investigating a variety of diseases including cancer. Highlights include reference epigenome maps for a wide variety of human cells and tissues, the development of new technologies for epigenetic assays and(More)
The PCR has proven to be useful in the analysis of gene expression of specific mRNAs. Although PCR is able to detect rare mRNA transcripts following reverse transcription PCR, determining relative or absolute copy number can be difficult due to sample-to-sample variation. The use of a recombinant mRNA internal standard that contains target mRNA primer(More)
Aberrant expression of key cell cycle regulatory genes is essential for the immortalization and transformation of cells in vitro. We examined 20 mouse lung epithelial cell lines (2 nontumorigenic, 5 nonmetastatic, and 13 metastatic) for mutations or alterations in the expression of key components of the Rb pathway (pRb and p16INK4a) and the p53 pathway (p53(More)
The genes of murine cyclin D-dependent kinase inhibitors, p15INK4b and p16INK4a, are located in a region of chromosome 4 where overlapping deletions were found in lung adenocarcinomas. The p16INK4a gene uniquely consists of alternative first exons (E1alpha and E1beta), which are spliced to exon 2 in alternative reading frames to either encode p16INK4a(More)
Primary lung tumors from B6C3F1 mice and mouse lung cell lines were examined to investigate the role of transcriptional silencing of the p16 (Ink4a) tumor suppressor gene by DNA hypermethylation during mouse lung carcinogenesis. Hypermethylation (>/=50% methylation at two or more of the CpG sites examined) of the p16 (Ink4a) promoter region was detected in(More)
BACKGROUND Cells respond to environmental stressors through several key pathways, including response to reactive oxygen species (ROS), nutrient and ATP sensing, DNA damage response (DDR), and epigenetic alterations. Mitochondria play a central role in these pathways not only through energetics and ATP production but also through metabolites generated in the(More)
☆ WorkshopparticipantDr. Arturas Petronis from the Cen Health at the University of Toronto, Canada, preferred not ⁎ Corresponding author. Tel.: +1 17186781234; fax: + E-mail address: john.greally@einstein.yu.edu (J.M. Gre http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nepig.2014.10.004 2214-7845/© 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc Article history: Received 13(More)
Amplification of the c-erbB-2 protooncogene has been associated with a poor prognosis in human breast and ovarian cancers. Our study was undertaken to examine whether amplification, rearrangement, or overexpression of c-erbB-2 and other protooncogenes was frequently observed in epithelial ovarian cancers. c-erbB-2 was expressed in 87% of 22 ovarian cancers(More)