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At diagnosis, 59 breast cancer patients reported on their overall optimism about life; 1 day presurgery, 10 days postsurgery, and at 3-, 6-, and 12-month follow-ups, they reported their recent coping responses and distress levels. Optimism related inversely to distress at each point, even controlling for prior distress. Acceptance, positive reframing, and(More)
OBJECTIVE Several authors have suggested that patients adjust more poorly to breast cancer if they are heavily invested in body image as a source of their sense of self-worth. This prospective study examined this possibility, looking at two aspects of concern about body image as predictors of several indices of adjustment over the first postoperative year.(More)
BACKGROUND Pilot studies indicate that probe-guided resection of radioactive sentinel nodes (the first nodes that receive drainage from tumors) can identify regional metastases in patients with breast cancer. To confirm this finding, we conducted a multicenter study of the method as used by 11 surgeons in a variety of practice settings. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES To date, outcome reports for soft-tissue sarcoma (STS) have largely been limited to single or paired institutional series. To more accurately elucidate population-based outcomes and prognostic factors associated with STS, a large cancer registry was examined. METHODS STS arising in the Florida Cancer Data System were examined(More)
PURPOSE Procedure (mastectomy v lumpectomy) and choice of procedure were examined as predictors of adjustment to breast cancer in a prospective study of the experiences of the first year after surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS Breast cancer patients were interviewed the day before surgery, 10 days after surgery, and at the 3-month, 6-month, and 12-month(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this prospective series were to present our results in 106 sequential cases of lymphatic mapping and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in the head and neck region and contrast the experience in oral cancer with that for cutaneous lesions. HYPOTHESES SLNB has an acceptably low complication rate in the head and neck. Lymphatic(More)
The authors sought to examine the utility of resection in conjunction with adjuvant chemotherapy for treatment of metastases from breast cancer isolated to the liver or lungs. Limitations of regional therapy were examined and potential agents for systemic therapy were reviewed. As resection of metastases is a controversial therapeutic approach, no clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies indicate that breast cancer patients do not usually experience the devastating psychological consequences once viewed as inevitable. However, some adjust to the disease more poorly than others. This study examined the personality trait of optimism versus pessimism as a predictor of adjustment over the first year, postsurgery. (More)
BACKGROUND Arginine-depleting therapy with pegylated arginine deiminase (ADI-PEG20) was reported to have activity in advanced melanoma in early phase I-II trial, and clinical trials are currently underway in other cancers. However, the optimal patient population who benefit from this treatment is unknown. METHODS Advanced melanoma patients with accessible(More)
BACKGROUND Differences in cancer survival based on race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES) are a major issue. To identify points of intervention and improve survival, the authors sought to determine the impact of race, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status for patients with cancers of the head and neck (HN). METHODS HN cancer patients diagnosed(More)