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Exposure to certain volatile organic compounds (VOCs) commonly occurs in industrialized countries. We developed a method for measuring 32 VOCs in 10 mL of whole blood at low concentration. We used this method to determine the internal dose of these compounds in 600 or more people in the US who participated in the Third National Health and Nutrition(More)
Exposure to drinking water disinfection by-products (DBPs), such as trihalomethanes (THMs), has been associated with bladder and colorectal cancer in humans. Exposure to DBPs has typically been determined by examining historical water treatment records and reconstructing study participants' water consumption histories. However, other exposure routes, such(More)
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are an important public health problem throughout the developed world. Many important questions remain to be addressed in assessing exposure to these compounds. Because they are ubiquitous and highly volatile, special techniques must be applied in the analytical determination of VOCs. The analytical methodology chosen to(More)
The analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in whole human blood at the low parts-per-trillion level has until recently required the use of a high-resolution mass spectrometer to obtain the specificity and detection limits required for epidemiological studies of VOC exposure in the general public. Because of the expense and expertise required to(More)
Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are a major public health concern, because of their ubiquitous nature and the possible health effects associated with exposure to them. An analytical method has been developed that enabled the determination of parts per trillion levels of 32 VOCs in 10 mL of blood. Special efforts toward reducing blank levels and improving(More)
The prevalence of exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has raised concern about possible health effects resulting from chronic human exposure. To support studies exploring the relation between VOC exposure and health effects, we developed an automated analytical method using solid-phase microextraction (SPME), capillary gas chromatography (GC), and(More)
The presence of alkyl ether fuel oxygenates in drinking water supplies has raised public health concerns because of possible adverse health effects from chronic exposure to these compounds. To enable large exposure studies exploring possible relationships between chronic exposure to alkyl ether fuel oxygenates and health effects, we developed an improved(More)
Vacutainers that are routinely used for blood collection contain significant amounts of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). These VOCs interfere with the low parts-per-trillion analysis of VOCs in whole blood either by causing false positives or by masking the presence of VOCs because of high background levels. Benzene, bromoform, ethylbenzene, m/p-xylene,(More)
The prevalence of water disinfection byproducts in drinking water supplies has raised concerns about possible health effects from chronic exposure to these compounds. To support studies exploring the relation between exposure to trihalomethanes (THMs) and health effects, we have developed an automated analytical method using headspace solid-phase(More)
We have developed a method for determining selected chlorinated phenols and phenoxy herbicides in urine. The process of preparing the samples includes acid hydrolysis, extraction with benzene, derivatization with diazoethane, and column chromatography cleanup. We quantify the more volatile compounds by using capillary column gas chromatography/positive(More)