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OBJECTIVES We investigated whether habitual intakes of sodium (Na), potassium, magnesium, and calcium differ across South African ethnic groups, assessed the proportion of Na intake, which is discretionary, and identified which food sources were the major contributors to Na intake. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study of 325 black, white, and mixed(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine any differences in the urinary excretion and dietary intake of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium intake in three South African ethnic groups, and to assess whether the blood pressure-cation association varies according to ethnic status. DESIGN A cross-sectional study of 325 black, white and mixed-ancestry men and women,(More)
By employing haematological, histological and isotope studies on rabbit, it was shown that envenomation by the South African crab spider, Sicarius testaceus, results in tissue necrosis and a marked increase in the permeability of the blood vessels in the vicinity of envenomation. The venom also acts systemically, which results in petechial bleeding of some(More)
PREFACE In this review, the Nutrition Research Group provides a timely and useful overview of the state of knowledge about nutritional status and the causes of malnutrition in South Africa. The review covers a period of 21 years, from 1975 to 1996. Due to shortcomings in the data, it is unfortunately not possible to analyse trends over this period. The(More)
Abnormal haemostasis, and specifically a pre-thrombotic state characterized by hypercoagulability, increased platelet aggregation and impaired fibrinolysis, is associated with increased atheroma and thrombosis. The recent literature clearly indicates that diet may prevent or be used to treat some abnormal haemostatic states. There are reports on effects of(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the relationships between food (nutrient) intakes and biochemical markers of nutritional status of asymptomatic HIV-infected with HIV-uninfected subjects, to gain more information on the appropriate diet for HIV-infected persons at an early stage of infection. DESIGN Cross-sectional population-based survey. SETTING North West(More)
Nutritional status and risk factors for chronic diseases, including plasma fibrinogen and its determinants, of Africans in the Northwest Province of South Africa, have been studied in a cross-sectional survey. A representative sample of 1854 "apparently healthy" African men and women volunteers aged 15 years and older was recruited from 37 randomly selected(More)
Fibrinogen is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis, stroke and cardiovascular heart disease (CHD). This risk is increased when associated with a high serum cholesterol. Furthermore, it is also believed that not only fibrinogen concentration, but also the quality of fibrin networks may be an important risk factor for the development of CHD. CHD and(More)
Provitamin A-biofortified maize may contribute to alleviating vitamin A deficiency (VAD), in developing countries. However, processing the maize into food products may reduce its provitamin A content. The aims of this study were to determine the composition of provitamin A carotenoids in biofortified maize varieties as well as to assess their retention(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effects of lecithin on serum lipoprotein, plasma fibrinogen and macro molecular protein complex (MPC) levels. SUBJECTS AND STUDY DESIGN Twenty free living hyperlipidaemic men participated in this double-blind study which controlled for possible indirect effects. The subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatments:(More)