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Symptoms during physical activity and physical inactivity are hallmarks of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Our aim was to evaluate the validity and usability of six activity monitors in patients with COPD against the doubly labelled water (DLW) indirect calorimetry method. 80 COPD patients (mean ± sd age 68 ± 6 years and forced expiratory(More)
Reduced physical activity is an important feature of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). Various activity monitors are available but their validity is poorly established. The aim was to evaluate the validity of six monitors in patients with COPD. We hypothesized triaxial monitors to be more valid compared to uniaxial monitors. Thirty-nine patients(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between physical activity, disease severity, health status and prognosis in patients with COPD has not been systematically assessed. Our aim was to identify and summarise studies assessing associations between physical activity and its determinants and/or outcomes in patients with COPD and to develop a conceptual model for(More)
The assessment of physical activity in healthy populations and in those with chronic diseases is challenging. The aim of this systematic review was to identify whether available activity monitors (AM) have been appropriately validated for use in assessing physical activity in these groups. Following a systematic literature search we found 134 papers meeting(More)
Twenty evaluable patients with newly diagnosed brain metastases underwent treatment with a novel dose/schedule of dexamethasone aimed at reducing steroid toxicity during palliative radiation therapy. All patients received twice daily dexamethasone starting at 8 mg bid for four days then 4 mg bid for four days then 2 mg bid until the last day of radiation(More)
The participation of prostaglandins in the physiologic alterations of endotoxin shock has been well established with the aid of prostaglandin synthetase inhibitors. Our study was designed to investigate the potential of ibuprofen, a highly specific cyclooxygenase inhibitor, to reverse the hemodynamic and acid base abnormalities of canine endotoxin shock.(More)
Although physical activity is considered an important therapeutic target in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), what "physical activity" means to COPD patients and how their perspective is best measured is poorly understood. We designed a conceptual framework, guiding the development and content validation of two patient reported outcome (PRO)(More)
The effects of nerve growth factor (NGF) and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (DBC) on the density of cytoskeletal structures in cultured dorsal root ganglia were examined using morphometric techniques. After 24 hr in culture, NGF-treated neurites were longer than either DBC-treated or control neurites. At 48 hr, neurites produced in response to NGF and DBC were of(More)
Calmodulin-dependent phosphoprotein phosphatase (CaMDP) activity has been found in each of three cultured cell lines: rat pheochromocytoma (PC12), glioma (C6), and pituitary adenoma (GH3) cells. These CaMDP activities bind to immobilized calmodulin in the presence of Ca2+ and are eluted by EGTA. Sucrose density centrifugation revealed that the phosphatase(More)
Our previous immunofluorescence studies on neurons have demonstrated the presence of myosin in regions of neurons which contained actin. To determine if a system similar to the troponin complex of striated muscle is present in neurons, antibody shown to be specific for the calcium-binding component of troponin (troponin-C) was applied to cultures of(More)