Frederick J. Cassels

Learn More
Colonization factor antigen I (CFA/I) is the archetype of eight genetically related fimbriae of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) designated class 5 fimbriae. Assembled by the alternate chaperone pathway, these organelles comprise a rigid stalk of polymerized major subunits and an apparently tip-localized minor adhesive subunit. We examined the(More)
An antigenic similarity between lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and glycosylated pilin of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 1244 was noted. We purified a glycan-containing molecule from proteolytically digested pili and showed it to be composed of three sugars and serine. This glycan competed with pure pili and LPS for reaction with an LPS-specific monoclonal antibody, which(More)
  • Fernando Güereña-Burgueño, Eric R Hall, +7 authors Gregory M Glenn
  • Infection and immunity
  • 2002
Transcutaneous immunization (TCI) is a new method for vaccine delivery that has been shown to induce immunity relevant to enteric disease vaccines. We evaluated the clinical safety and immunogenicity of a recombinant subunit vaccine against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) delivered by TCI. Adult volunteers received patches containing the recombinant(More)
Nearly all human oral bacteria exhibit coaggregation, cell-to-cell recognition of genetically distinct cell types. Clumps or coaggregates composed of the two kinds of cells are formed immediately upon mixing two partner cell types. Members of all 18 genera tested exhibit lactose-reversible coaggregation. Many of these interactions appear to be mediated by a(More)
Protection from infectious disease by the host immune response requires specific molecular recognition of unique antigenic determinants of a given pathogen. An epitope is an antigenic determinant which: 1) specifically stimulates the immune response (either B or T cell mediated); and 2) is acted upon by the products of these protective mechanisms. In B cell(More)
Upon activation with various noncytokine stimuli, polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) mobilize intracellular sialidase to the plasma membrane, where the sialidase releases sialic acid from the cell surface. This desialylation enhances PMN adherence, spreading, deformability, and motility, functions critical to diapedesis. We now have examined the role of(More)
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) diarrheal disease is a worldwide problem that may be addressed by transcutaneous delivery of a vaccine. In several human settings, protective immunity has been associated with immune responses to E. coli colonization factors and to the heat-labile toxin that induces the diarrhea. In this set of animal studies,(More)
Mice (BALB/c) were intranasally (IN) and intragastrically (IG) administered the ETEC colonization factors (CF), CFA/I and CS6, with and without the R192G mutant heat-labile enterotoxin (mLT), and immunogenicity and efficacy measured. The IN administration of CFA/I to mice induced strong serum and fecal IgG and IgA responses. The IG administration of CFA/I(More)
In order to test vaccines against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)-induced diarrhea, challenge models are needed. In this study we compared clinical and immunological responses after North American volunteers were orally challenged by two ETEC strains. Groups of approximately eight volunteers received 10(9) or 10(10) CFU of E. coli B7A (LT+ ST+ CS6+)(More)
An enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strain of serotype O114:H- that expressed both heat-labile and heat-stable enterotoxins and tested negative for colonization factors (CF) was isolated from a child with diarrhea in Egypt. This strain, WS0115A, induced hemagglutination of bovine erythrocytes and adhered to the enterocyte-like cell line Caco-2,(More)