Frederick E. Jackson

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Before revised World Association for the Advancement of Veterinary Parasitology (WAAVP) guidelines on the detection of anthelmintic resistance can be produced, validation of modified and new methods is required in laboratories in different parts of the world. There is a great need for improved methods of detection of anthelmintic resistance particularly for(More)
In vitro and in vivo studies were conducted to determine possible direct anthelmintic effects of condensed tannins towards different ovine gastrointestinal nematodes. A larval development/viability assay was used to investigate the effect of a condensed tannin extract (Quebracho) towards larvae of Haemonchus contortus, Teladorsagia circumcincta and(More)
Naive wethers were used to investigate the long-term effects of dietary condensed tannins from Quebracho extract, during an intestinal parasitic infection in sheep. Sheep were allocated to eight groups; seven groups were daily infected with 3000 L(3) Trichostrongylus colubriformis for 10 weeks and the eighth group was the uninfected control. The 10-week(More)
Anthelmintic resistance now poses problems to sheep farmers throughout the world. In some Southern hemisphere countries multiple resistance has reached levels which make sheep farming non-sustainable. Evidence from studies in the UK and Europe suggests (a) that the selection process occurs over a longer time frame than in Southern tropical/temperate regions(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) homologues, belonging to the ATP Binding Cassette (ABC) transporter family, are thought to play an important role in the resistance of gastro-intestinal nematode parasites against macrocyclic lactones. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of various P-gp interfering compounds on the efficacy of ivermectin (IVM) in(More)
The climate in the UK is changing, with a trend towards increased rainfall in the autumn and winter and warmer average temperatures throughout the year. There has also been a 4-week extension of the herbage growing season over the past 40 years. These changes may have implications for the epidemiology of sheep helminth parasites. Here, we describe(More)
The anthelmintic resistance status of two field isolates derived from farms (farm A and B) located near Edinburgh were examined using both controlled efficacy tests (CET) and faecal egg count reduction tests (FECRT). Efficacies against fenbendazole (FBZ), levamisole (LEV) and ivermectin (IVM) and, for one isolate, against combinations of these anthelmintics(More)
In Europe, most nematodoses are subclinical involving morbid rather than mortal effects and control is largely achieved using anthelmintics. In cattle, the genera most associated with sub-optimal performance are Ostertagia and Cooperia whereas in sheep and goats, subclinical losses are most often caused by Teladorsagia and Trichostrongylus. In some regions,(More)
Gastrointestinal (GI) tract leucine metabolism was measured in 6- to 9-mo-old lambs subjected to trickle infection with Trichostrongylus colubriformis larvae and in separate animals that were not infected. Animals prepared with a jejunal catheter and with indwelling catheters into the aorta and the portal- (PDV) and mesenteric- (MDV) drained viscera were(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate potential direct anthelmintic effects of forages that contain plant secondary metabolites (PSM) towards the intestinal nematode Trichostrongylus colubriformis. For this purpose, we introduced an experimental design, which enabled us to investigate the direct anthelmintic effects of PSM-rich forages, without(More)