Frederick C. Kauffman

Learn More
Characteristics of acyl-coenzyme A (acyl-CoA):steroid acyltransferase from the digestive gland of the oyster Crassostrea virginica were determined by using estradiol (E2) and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) as substrates. The apparent Km and Vmax values for esterification of E2 with the six fatty acid acyl-CoAs tested (C20:4, C18:2, C18:1, C16:1, C18:0, and(More)
The first alteration noted after denervation of the extensor digitorum longus muscles of rats was a decrease in resting membrane potential (RMP) which occurred at about 2h. The exact time course of this membrane depolarization was dependent upon the intramuscular length of the degenerating nerve stump. The decrease in RMP occurred prior to any detectable(More)
Medicinal plants are commonly used in Latin American folk medicine for the treatment of gastric problems. In order to understand the properties of some of their chemical constituents, four natural xanthones, an acetylated derivative, two coumarins (mammea A/BA and mammea C/OA) isolated from Calophyllum brasiliense Cambess and two flavonoids (minimiflorin(More)
Significant increases in activities of epoxide hydrolase, UDP-glucuronosyltransferase, and glutathione S-transferase, and marked reductions in cytochrome P-450 mixed-function oxidase systems occur in hyperplastic nodules induced in rat liver by chemical mutagens. In contrast, activities of both oxidative (Phase I) and conjugative (Phase II) enzymes are(More)
Administration of 6-hydroxydopamine to adult rats results in changes in the superior cervical ganglion similar to those noted after axotomy; namely, a decrease in muscarinic receptor binding and increases in activities of the oxidative enzymes of the pentose phosphate pathway. These changes were either prevented or attenuated markedly by the systemic(More)
O2 uptake by the perfused liver decreased at O2 concentrations considerably higher than levels that caused NADH reduction when the input O2 concentration was varied. The maximal rate of O2 uptake was two- to threefold higher in periportal (137 +/- 8 mumol . g-1 . h-1; O2 concentration = 478 +/- 37 microM) than pericentral regions (59 +/- 5 mumol . g-1 .(More)
The remarkable toxicity of (E)-4-[2-(5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-5,5,8,8-tetramethyl-2-naphthylenyl)-1-propenyl] benzoic acid (TTNPB) compared to all trans-retinoic acid (tRA) is due to multiple factors, including reduced affinities for cytosolic binding proteins (CRABPs), resistance to metabolism, and prolonged nuclear receptor activation. To further investigate(More)
The hydrolysis of 4-methylumbelliferyl sulfate by liver sulfatases to free fluorescent 4-methylumbelliferone and the subsequent formation of the glucuronide conjugate were studied in the isolated perfused rat liver. In livers from fed, phenobarbital-treated rats, 4-methylumbelliferyl sulfate (0.25-1.5 mM) was hydrolyzed rapidly to free 4-methylumbelliferone(More)
Cholinesterase activity and its various forms in the superior cervical ganglion of the rat were studied after denervation, axotomy and double section. The response of this activity to various inhibitors was also studied. The specific activity of cholinesterase activity was 323 +/- 25 nmol/mg protein/min in homogenates of normal ganglia and the total enzyme(More)