Frederick Andermann

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The objectives of this study were to evaluate the haemodynamic response of the cerebral cortex and thalamus during generalized spike and wave or polyspike and wave (GSW) bursts in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE). The haemodynamic response is measured by fMRI [blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) effect]. We used combined(More)
Both the amygdala and the hippocampus are involved in the pathogenesis of a number of neurologic conditions, including temporal lobe epilepsy, postanoxic amnesia, and Alzheimer's disease. To enhance the investigation and management of patients with these disorders, we developed a protocol to measure the volumes of the amygdala and as much of the hippocampus(More)
Complex visual hallucinations may affect some normal individuals on going to sleep and are also seen in pathological states, often in association with a sleep disturbance. The content of these hallucinations is striking and relatively stereotyped, often involving animals and human figures in bright colours and dramatic settings. Conditions causing these(More)
PURPOSE Simultaneous EEG and functional MRI (fMRI) allows measuring metabolic changes related to interictal spikes. Our objective was to investigate blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) responses to temporal lobe (TL) spikes by using EEG-fMRI recording. METHODS We studied 35 patients who had a diagnosis of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and active TL(More)
Cortical dysplastic lesions (CDyLs) are often associated with severe partial epilepsies. We describe the electrographic counterpart of this high degree of epileptogenicity, manifested by continuous or frequent rhythmic epileptogenic discharges recorded directly from CDyLs during intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG). These ictal or continuous(More)
Experiential phenomena occurring in spontaneous seizures or evoked by brain stimulation were reported by 18 of 29 patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy who were investigated with chronic, stereotaxically implanted intracerebral electrodes. The phenomena mainly consisted of perceptual (visual or auditory) hallucinations or illusions,(More)
Detailed study of 4 patients and review of the literature allowed us to delineate further the epileptic syndrome associated with hypothalamic hamartomas, which characteristically begins in infancy with laughing seizures. Because early childhood psychomotor development is usually normal, the condition appears benign and may not even be recognized. The(More)
We performed MRI volumetric measurements of the amygdala (AM), the hippocampal formation (HF), and the anterior temporal lobe in a group of 30 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and in seven patients with extratemporal lobe foci. Measurements were analyzed with a semiautomated software program and the results compared with those of(More)
Periventricular heterotopia (PH) is a human neuronal migration disorder in which many neurons destined for the cerebral cortex fail to migrate. Previous analysis showed heterozygous mutations in the X-linked gene filamin 1 (FLN1), but examined only the first six (of 48) coding exons of the gene and hence did not assess the incidence and functional(More)
Advances in neuroimaging techniques have enabled the recognition of developmental malformations of the brain during life. Careful correlation of clinical and imaging features has identified several new syndromes. We have studied 31 patients with a congenital neurological syndrome characterised by pseudobulbar palsy, cognitive deficits, and bilateral(More)