Frederick Alexander

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One hundred nine patients operated on for bile duct carcinoma were reviewed. Herein, we reported 83 proximal duct tumors, 12 mid-duct tumors, and 14 distal third tumors. Resectability was 10 percent, 33 percent, and 100 percent, respectively, with an operative mortality of 0 percent, 25 percent, and 23 percent. The median survival time and 5 year survival(More)
BACKGROUND As part of a nested case-control study of benign proliferative breast disease (BPBD) conducted within the cohort of women participating in the Alberta breast screening programme, an analysis of all women who had a benign breast biopsy between 1990 and 1995 was undertaken to identify the epidemiological risk factors for BPBD. METHODS The breast(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) offers many pediatric patients a surgical cure for mucosal ulcerative colitis (MUC) with preservation of anal continence. However, some patients incur serious problems after surgery including chronic pouchitis and pouch failure. The goal of this study is to identify clinical and pathologic factors that(More)
The authors reviewed four cases of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJ) in duplicated systems. Associated abnormalities included contralateral duplication, vesicoureteral reflux, and a case of ipsilateral upper pole ectopic ureter with a dysplastic upper pole moiety. Surgical management included dismembered pyeloplasty, ureteral reimplantation,(More)
UNLABELLED Morbidity and treatment of Clostridium difficile colitis (CDC) continue to be controversial. Some claim minimum morbidity, which may be a function of differences in patient population and/or bacterial virulence. METHODS To evaluate the effect of CDC in the critically ill, we retrospectively reviewed the records of 59 intensive care unit(More)
Three siblings (two brothers and a sister) of Polish origin, presented in late middle age with the features of the nephrotic syndrome and hypertension. Glomerular deposition of amyloid was found in all on renal biopsy. No amyloid was seen on rectal or gingival biopsy. Their mother and a maternal aunt died in middle age with a clincally similar disease.(More)
Mucosal proctectomy with ileoanal anastomosis was performed for 90 patients with ulcerative colitis or polyposis over the past 18 years. In three, the anastomosis was at the dentate line. All three had varying degrees of soilage necessitating permanent ileostomy in one. For 12 patients with the anastomosis 1.0 cm proximal to the top of the columns, all were(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Some Health Maintenance Organizations (HMO) limit access of their members to specialists to lower costs. The purpose of this study is to determine whether this policy affects the outcome of children with appendicitis. METHODS At a large academic medical center, children 17 years or younger with appendicitis were treated either by an HMO(More)
High-risk infants with a fetal pattern of circulation demonstrate hyperactivity of the pulmonary vascular bed in response to stimuli including mucous plugging, atelectasis, and endotrachial tube suctioning. The resultant increase in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) leads to pulmonary hypertension, severe right-to-left shunting, and hypoxemia. Stimuli(More)