Frederick A. Valeriote

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Flavone acetic acid (FAA) is a new antitumor agent that has recently entered Phase I clinical trials. In preclinical studies, we have found that FAA was broadly active against a variety of transplantable solid tumors of mice (colon #51, #07, #10, #26; pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas #02 and #03; mammary adenocarcinoma #16/C/Adr; M5076 reticulum cell(More)
At the outset, we wish to state that we entertain the possibility that cancer specific agents could be discovered; i.e,, agents with some degree of activity against all malignant tumors. Furthermore, we believe that past failure to discover such agents does not simply reside in the fact that we don't really know what we are looking for (in terms of(More)
Cytotoxicity-guided fractionation of the organic extract from a Fijian Lyngbya majuscula led to the discovery of desmethoxymajusculamide C (DMMC) as the active metabolite. Spectroscopic analysis including 1D and 2D NMR, MS/MS, and chemical degradation and derivatization protocols were used to assign the planar structure and stereoconfiguration of this new(More)
Saltwater culture of Myrothecium verrucaria, separated from a Spongia sp. collected in Hawaii, was a source of three new trichothecenes, 3-hydroxyroridin E (1a), 13'-acetyltrichoverrin B (2), and miophytocen C (3) and nine known related compounds (1b, 4, 5, 6, 7a, 7b, 8, 9a, and 9b). The stereostructures of the new compounds were established on the basis of(More)
Azonazine, a unique hexacyclic dipeptide, was isolated from a Hawaiian marine sediment-derived fungus eventually identified as Aspergillus insulicola. Its absolute configuration, 2R,10R,11S,19R, was established using NMR, HRESIMS, and CD data plus insights derived from molecular models. A possible route for its biogenesis is proposed, and biological(More)
A Papua New Guinea field collection of the marine cyanobacterium Blennothrix cantharidosmum was investigated for its cytotoxic constituents. Bioassay-guided isolation defined the cytotoxic components as the known compounds lyngbyastatins 1 and 3. However, six new acyl proline derivatives, tumonoic acids D-I, plus the known tumonoic acid A were also(More)
Two novel cyclic depsipeptides, guangomides A (1) and B (2), together with a new destruxin derivative (3) were isolated from the cytotoxic extract obtained from the saltwater culture of an unidentifiable sponge-derived fungus. The new structures were elucidated on the basis of analysis of extensive 1D and 2D NMR data sets, and the absolute configurations of(More)
Historically, many new anticancer agents were first detected in a prescreen; usually consisting of a molecular/biochemical target or a cellular cytotoxicity assay. The agent then progressed to in vivo evaluation against transplanted human or mouse tumors. If the investigator had a large drug supply and ample resources, multiple tests were possible, with(More)
+-Kalkitoxin, a metabolite of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula, was synthesized from (R)-2-methylbutyric acid, (R)-cysteine, and (3S, 4S, 6S)-3,4,6-trimethyl-8-(methylamino)octanoic acid. A key step in the synthesis was installation of the anti,anti methyl stereotriad by means of a tandem asymmetric conjugate addition of an organocopper species(More)