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Flavone acetic acid (FAA) is a new antitumor agent that has recently entered Phase I clinical trials. In preclinical studies, we have found that FAA was broadly active against a variety of transplantable solid tumors of mice (colon #51, #07, #10, #26; pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas #02 and #03; mammary adenocarcinoma #16/C/Adr; M5076 reticulum cell(More)
At the outset, we wish to state that we entertain the possibility that cancer specific agents could be discovered; i.e,, agents with some degree of activity against all malignant tumors. Furthermore, we believe that past failure to discover such agents does not simply reside in the fact that we don't really know what we are looking for (in terms of(More)
Azonazine, a unique hexacyclic dipeptide, was isolated from a Hawaiian marine sediment-derived fungus eventually identified as Aspergillus insulicola. Its absolute configuration, 2R,10R,11S,19R, was established using NMR, HRESIMS, and CD data plus insights derived from molecular models. A possible route for its biogenesis is proposed, and biological(More)
+-Kalkitoxin, a metabolite of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula, was synthesized from (R)-2-methylbutyric acid, (R)-cysteine, and (3S, 4S, 6S)-3,4,6-trimethyl-8-(methylamino)octanoic acid. A key step in the synthesis was installation of the anti,anti methyl stereotriad by means of a tandem asymmetric conjugate addition of an organocopper species(More)
Historically, many new anticancer agents were first detected in a prescreen; usually consisting of a molecular/biochemical target or a cellular cytotoxicity assay. The agent then progressed to in vivo evaluation against transplanted human or mouse tumors. If the investigator had a large drug supply and ample resources, multiple tests were possible, with(More)
Two epimers of malyngamide C, 8-O-acetyl-8-epi-malyngamide C (1) and 8-epi-malyngamide C (3) have been isolated along with known compounds 6-O-acetylmalyngamide F (5), H (6), J (7) K (8), and characterized from a Grenada field collection of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. The structures of these compounds were deduced by 1D and 2D NMR(More)
Both the capacity of healthy human, cancer patient, and mouse plasma proteins to bind flavone acetic acid (FAA) and the qualitative differences in the plasma protein-binding site were studied. The binding capacity of plasma proteins for FAA was saturated within the therapeutic range in both species. The binding of FAA to plasma protein was significantly(More)
A Papua New Guinea field collection of the marine cyanobacterium Blennothrix cantharidosmum was investigated for its cytotoxic constituents. Bioassay-guided isolation defined the cytotoxic components as the known compounds lyngbyastatins 1 and 3. However, six new acyl proline derivatives, tumonoic acids D-I, plus the known tumonoic acid A were also(More)
Two novel cyclic depsipeptides, guangomides A (1) and B (2), together with a new destruxin derivative (3) were isolated from the cytotoxic extract obtained from the saltwater culture of an unidentifiable sponge-derived fungus. The new structures were elucidated on the basis of analysis of extensive 1D and 2D NMR data sets, and the absolute configurations of(More)