Frederick A. Valeriote

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One of the factors of importance in determining the killing of mammalian cells following exposure to a variety of anticancer agents is the proliferative state of the cell population. Generally, proliferating cells are much more sensitive to anticancer agents than are nonproliferating cells. In this review, the cellular aspects of this differential(More)
  • W DeNeve, F Valeriote, M Edelstein, C Everett, M Bischoff
  • 1989
Alkaline elution was done on a variety of cells following cyclophosphamide (CY) treatment in vivo. Cells used were L1210 leukemia, normal mouse bone marrow, and peripheral blood cells obtained from a patient with chronic lymphatic leukemia (CLL). Endpoints used were determination of single strand breaks, DNA-DNA interstrand and DNA-protein cross-links.(More)
Five new ecdysteroids, hyousterones A-D (2-5) and abeohyousterone (6), have been isolated from the Antarctic tunicate Synoicum adareanum along with the known ecdysteroid diaulusterol B (1). Hyousterones B (3) and D (5) are unusual ecdysteroids in bearing the 14beta-hydroxyl group, and abeohyousterone incorporates the 13(14-->8) abeo steroid skeleton,(More)
The biologically active lipopeptide kalkitoxin was previously isolated from the marine cyanobacterium Moorea producens (Lyngbya majuscula). Kalkitoxin exhibited N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-mediated neurotoxicity and acted as an inhibitory ligand for voltage-sensitive sodium channels in cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons. Subsequent studies revealed(More)
A reinvestigation of a Fijian collection of Cacospongia mycofijiensis has yielded the known mycothiazole and a novel heterocyclic, CTP-431 (1). Its structure including absolute configuration as 8R,9R,10S,13S was established using NMR data, calculated DFT (13)C chemical shifts and results from X-ray crystallography. It is possible that the tricyclic skeleton(More)
This study began with the goal of identifying constituents from Zyzzya fuliginosa extracts that showed selectivity in our primary cytotoxicity screen against the PANC-1 tumor cell line. During the course of this project, which focused on six Z. fuliginosa samples collected from various regions of the Indo-Pacific, known compounds were obtained consisting of(More)
Aberrant T-cell factor (TCF) transcription is implicated in the majority of colorectal cancers (CRCs). TCF transcription induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), promoting a tumor-initiating cell (TIC) phenotype characterized by increased proliferation, multidrug resistance (MDR), invasion and metastasis. The data presented herein characterize(More)
UTL-5b is an anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic small-molecule tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor and a structural analogue of the anti-arthritic drug, leflunomide. Leflunomide is known to be metabolized to teriflunomide, but the metabolites of UTL-5b have not been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate whether UTL-5b has a similar(More)
Latrunculol A is a recently discovered 6,7-dihydroxy analog of the potent actin inhibitor latrunculin A. Latrunculol A has exhibited greater cytotoxicity than latrunculin A against both murine and human colon tumor cell lines in vitro. Currently, there are no reports regarding the bioavailability of latrunculol A in vivo. This study was undertaken as a(More)