Frederick A. Valeriote

Learn More
One of the factors of importance in determining the killing of mammalian cells following exposure to a variety of anticancer agents is the proliferative state of the cell population. Generally, proliferating cells are much more sensitive to anticancer agents than are nonproliferating cells. In this review, the cellular aspects of this differential(More)
The biologically active lipopeptide kalkitoxin was previously isolated from the marine cyanobacterium Moorea producens (Lyngbya majuscula). Kalkitoxin exhibited N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-mediated neurotoxicity and acted as an inhibitory ligand for voltage-sensitive sodium channels in cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons. Subsequent studies revealed(More)
Aberrant T-cell factor (TCF) transcription is implicated in the majority of colorectal cancers (CRCs). TCF transcription induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), promoting a tumor-initiating cell (TIC) phenotype characterized by increased proliferation, multidrug resistance (MDR), invasion and metastasis. The data presented herein characterize(More)
UTL-5b is an anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic small-molecule tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor and a structural analogue of the anti-arthritic drug, leflunomide. Leflunomide is known to be metabolized to teriflunomide, but the metabolites of UTL-5b have not been reported. The objective of this study was to investigate whether UTL-5b has a similar(More)
Latrunculol A is a recently discovered 6,7-dihydroxy analog of the potent actin inhibitor latrunculin A. Latrunculol A has exhibited greater cytotoxicity than latrunculin A against both murine and human colon tumor cell lines in vitro. Currently, there are no reports regarding the bioavailability of latrunculol A in vivo. This study was undertaken as a(More)
  • 1