Frederick A. Eiserling

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Studies are presented of the biliproteins of Anabaena sp. This filamentous cyanobacterium contains three major biliproteins. Whereas two of these, C-phycocyanin and allophycocyanin, are common to all cyanobacteria, the third, phycoerythrocyanin (λmax∼568nm) has hitherto not been described and its distribution among cyanobacteria appears to be limited.(More)
Host-pathogen interactions are often driven by mechanisms that promote genetic variability. We have identified a group of temperate bacteriophages that generate diversity in a gene, designated mtd (major tropism determinant), which specifies tropism for receptor molecules on host Bordetella species. Tropism switching is the result of a template-dependent,(More)
The light-harvesting complex of cyanobacteria and red algae, the phycobilisome, has two structural domains, the core and the rods. Both contain biliproteins and linker peptides. The core contains the site of attachment to the thylakoid membrane and the energy transfer link between the phycobilisome and chlorophyll. There are also six rod-binding sites in(More)
The three-dimensional structure of DNA-filled, bacteriophage T4 isometric capsids has been determined by means of cryoelectron microscopy and image reconstruction techniques. The packing geometry of protein subunits on the capsid surface was confirmed to be that of the triangulation class T = 13. The reconstruction clearly shows pentamers, attributed to(More)
The methanogenic archaeobacterium Methanococcus voltae (strain PS) is known to produce a filterable, DNase-resistant agent (called VTA, for voltae transfer agent), which carries very small fragments (4400 bp) of bacterial DNA and is able to transduce bacterial genes between derivatives of the strain. Examination by electron microscopy of two preparations of(More)
The molecular masses, carbohydrate contents, oligomeric status, and overall molecular structure of the env glycoproteins of human immunodeficiency virus type 1--gp120, gp160, and gp41--have been determined by quantitative electron microscopy. Using purified gp160s, a water-soluble form of env purified from a recombinant vaccinia virus expression system, we(More)
This report identifies a protein that regulates tail length in bacteriophage T4. Earlier work (Duda et al., 1990) suggested that the gene 29 protein could be involved in T4 tail length determination as a "template" or "tape-measure", similar to that proposed for the gene H protein in bacteriophage lambda. We have altered the length of a recombinant gene 29(More)
We present electron microscopic and X-ray diffraction evidence concerning the structural organization of condensed DNA within a series of T4 bacteriophage with the following head morphologies: prolate (wild-type), isometric and giant (with greatly increased axial ratio). In all cases, the DNA helix segments are locally parallel and 27 A apart. For the giant(More)
Liu et al. recently described a group of related temperate bacteriophages that infect Bordetella subspecies and undergo a unique template-dependent, reverse transcriptase-mediated tropism switching phenomenon (Liu et al., Science 295: 2091-2094, 2002). Tropism switching results from the introduction of single nucleotide substitutions at defined locations in(More)