Frederick A Eiserling

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Host-pathogen interactions are often driven by mechanisms that promote genetic variability. We have identified a group of temperate bacteriophages that generate diversity in a gene, designated mtd (major tropism determinant), which specifies tropism for receptor molecules on host Bordetella species. Tropism switching is the result of a template-dependent,(More)
A general secondary structure is proposed for the 5S RNA of prokaryotic ribosomes, based on helical energy filtering calculations. We have considered all secondary structures that are common to 17 different prokaryotic 5S RNAs and for each 5S sequence calculated the (global) minimum energy secondary structure (300,000 common structures are possible for each(More)
We present electron microscopic and X-ray diffraction evidence concerning the structural organization of condensed DNA within a series of T4 bacteriophage with the following head morphologies: prolate (wild-type), isometric and giant (with greatly increased axial ratio). In all cases, the DNA helix segments are locally parallel and 27 A apart. For the giant(More)
The three-dimensional structure of DNA-filled, bacteriophage T4 isometric capsids has been determined by means of cryoelectron microscopy and image reconstruction techniques. The packing geometry of protein subunits on the capsid surface was confirmed to be that of the triangulation class T = 13. The reconstruction clearly shows pentamers, attributed to(More)
Electron micrographs and x-ray diffraction patterns of crystals of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase, probably the most abundant protein on earth, have provided new details of the arrangement of subunits. The eight large subunits and eight small subunits are clustered in two layers, perpendicular to a fourfold axis of symmetry. Viewed down the fourfold(More)
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