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This investigation was conducted to quantify the purine excretion of cows and to evaluate milk allantoin as an estimator of synthesis of microbial protein in the rumen. Concentrations in plasma of allantoin and uric acid and their excretion in urine and milk were determined using 16 Holstein cows at 21 to 315 d of lactation and yielding 8 to 36 kg/d of(More)
Perfusion of pig jejunum with Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin (strain 1261) reversed net absorption of water and electrolytes to net secretion. Addition of the alpha-adrenergic agonists clonidine (5 X 10(-7) M) or L-phenylephrine (5 X 10(-6) M), or the opiate agonist morphine (3.6 X 10(-6) M) to the perfusate reduced the secretory response to(More)
The effects of berberine alone or in combination with morphine, clonidine, L-phenylephrine or yohimbine were compared in Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin (ST)-exposed ligated jejunal loops in 2 week old pigs. In addition, net water and electrolyte fluxes in normal jejunal loops were measured in the presence of neostigmine, morphine, clonidine,(More)
Intraluminal perfusion of pig jejunum with Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin reversed net absorption of water and electrolytes to net secretion. Addition of atropine (2 x 10(-5)M) to the perfusate reduced the secretory response to enterotoxin and enhanced sodium and chloride absorption in control segments. Indomethacin (1.4 x 10(-3)M), acetazolamide(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate lavage analytes as markers of mucosal inflammation in healthy dogs and dogs with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). DESIGN Case control study. ANIMALS 9 healthy dogs and 10 dogs with IBD. PROCEDURE A polyethylene glycol electrolyte solution was administered into the dogs colons via a rectal balloon catheter prior to colonoscopy.(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the activity of Kupffer cells (KC) of control neonatal pigs and neonatal pigs treated with endotoxin and to compare activity of KC with that of pulmonary alveolar macrophages (PAM). SAMPLE POPULATION Kupffer cells and PAM obtained from 24 neonatal pigs (7 to 10 days old). PROCEDURE Pairs (n = 7) of littermates served as treated(More)