Frederick A. A. Kingdom

Learn More
Michelson's contrast, C, is an excellent metric for contrast in images with periodic luminance profiles, such as gratings, but is not suitable for images consisting of isolated stimulus elements, eg single bars; other metrics have been devised for such stimuli. But what metric should be used for random-dot images such as are commonly used in stereograms and(More)
This paper presents a summary of experimental findings, theoretical models and unresolved issues regarding border effects on brightness, of which the Cornsweet illusion (Cornsweet, 1970 Visual Perception. Academic Press: New York) is the best-known example. It is argued that no current theoretical model completely accounts for the wide variety of effects(More)
The color vision of Old World primates and humans uses two cone-opponent systems; one differences the outputs of L and M cones forming a red-green (RG) system, and the other differences S cones with a combination of L and M cones forming a blue-yellow (BY) system. In this paper, we show that in human vision these two systems have a differential distribution(More)
White (1979) has described a phenomenon in which grey bars replacing segments of the white phase of a square-wave grating appear darker than identical grey bars replacing segments of the black phase of the grating. We have investigated the properties of this effect with a view to discovering the underlying mechanisms. Four experiments are reported which(More)
Under what circumstances is the common motion of a group of elements more easily perceived when the elements differ in color and/or luminance polarity from their surround? Croner and Albright (1997), using a conventional global motion paradigm, first showed that motion coherence thresholds fell when target and distractor elements were made different in(More)
The ability of the visual system to detect stimuli that vary along dimensions other than luminance or color--"second-order" stimuli--has been of considerable interest in recent years. An important unresolved issue is whether different types of second-order stimuli are detected by a single, all purpose, mechanism, or by mechanisms that are specific to(More)
Spatial filters that mimic receptive fields of visual cortex neurons provide an efficient representation of achromatic image structure, but the extension of this idea to chromatic information is at an early stage. Relatively few studies have looked at the statistical relationships between the modeled responses to natural scenes of the luminance (LUM),(More)