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Contrast thresholds for stereoscopic depth identification (crossed or uncrossed) were measured as a function of disparity by use of isoluminant (red-green) and isochromatic (yellow-black) 0.5 cycles/deg Gabor patches. For the purposes of comparison, stimulus contrasts were scaled by their respective detection thresholds. The Gabor patches could be either(More)
We have measured the sensitivity of the human visual system to sinusoidal modulations of orientation in micropattern-based textured stimuli. The result is the orientation modulation function, or OMF, which describes this sensitivity as a function of the spatial frequency of orientation modulation. We found that the OMF was bandpass with peak sensitivity at(More)
In natural scenes, chromatic variations, and the luminance variations that are aligned with them, mainly arise from surfaces such as flowers or painted objects. Pure or near-pure luminance variations, on the other hand, mainly arise from inhomogeneous illumination such as shadows or shading. Here, I provide evidence that knowledge of these color-luminance(More)
We present an algorithm for separating the shading and reflectance images of photographed natural scenes. The algorithm exploits the constraint that in natural scenes chromatic and luminance variations that are co-aligned mainly arise from changes in surface reflectance, whereas near-pure luminance variations mainly arise from shading and shadows. The novel(More)
Contrast thresholds for stereoscopic depth identification (crossed or uncrossed) were measured as a function of disparity using isoluminant (red-green) and isochromatic (yellow-black) 0.5 c/deg Gabor patches. For the purposes of comparison stimulus contrasts were scaled by their respective detection thresholds. The detection thresholds employed were(More)
Two distinct paradigms have characterized most previous studies of texture perception: one has dealt with texture segregation, the other with the processing of texture gradients. Typically, studies of texture segregation have used stimuli with abrupt textural variations, whereas studies of texture gradient processing have used stimuli with smooth textural(More)
Previous measurements of contrast discrimination threshold, delta C, as a function of pedestal contrast, C, for sine-wave gratings have shown a power law relationship between delta C and C at suprathreshold levels of C. However, these studies have rarely used contrasts greater than 50%. Whittle (1986), using incremental and decremental patches, found that(More)
We investigated how the detection of mirror symmetry depends on the distribution of contrast energy across spatial scales. Stimuli consisted of vertically symmetric noise patterns with fractal power spectra defined by 1/f beta slopes (-2 < or = beta < or = 5). While overall rms contrast remained fixed at 25%, symmetry-detection thresholds were obtained by(More)
On the basis of the early primate neurophysiological recordings, it was thought that the different cone types of the primate retina project selectively into the centre and surround of the receptive fields of cone opponent neurons, and more recently this view has been reasserted on the basis of physiological results. An alternative idea is that these(More)
The past quarter century has witnessed considerable advances in our understanding of Lightness (perceived reflectance), Brightness (perceived luminance) and perceived Transparency (LBT). This review poses eight major conceptual questions that have engaged researchers during this period, and considers to what extent they have been answered. The questions(More)