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The effects of the anti-ischemic agents ifenprodil and its derivative SL 82.0715 ((+/-)-alpha-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-[(4-fluorophenyl) methyl]-1-piperidineethanol] have been analyzed in a number of models indicative of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonistic potential in vitro and in vivo. Ifenprodil and SL 82.0715 potently and noncompetitively antagonize the(More)
Cardiac glycoside binding to microsomes prepared from rat heart ventricles and enriched in (Na+ + K+)-ATPase was measured by a rapid filtration technique. The relation between ouabain binding to microsomes and (Na+ + K+)-ATPase activity has also been examined. Data were statistically analysed by means of two different non linear regression methods. The(More)
A model that summarizes some of the neural and molecular mechanisms contributing to short- and long-term sensitization is shown in Figure 14. Sensitizing stimuli lead to the release of a modulatory transmitter such as 5-HT. Both serotonin and sensitizing stimuli lead to an increase in the synthesis of cAMP and the modulation of a number of K+ currents(More)
Under the conditions of oxidative phosphorylation, the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier catalyses the one to one exchange of cytosolic ADP against matrix ATP across the inner mitochondrial membrane. The ADP/ATP transport system can be blocked very specifically by two families of inhibitors: atractyloside (ATR) and carboxyatractyloside (CATR) on one hand, and(More)
Injury of the normal central nervous system is a major concern in the radiotherapy of brain tumors, but the pathogenesis of injury remains poorly understood. Modulation of the production of growth factors is associated with ischemia and traumatic injury in the central nervous system. Ionizing radiation has been shown to induce basic fibroblast growth factor(More)
p53 mutations are found in about 70% of human cancers. In order to evaluate the role of these mutations in response to chemotherapeutic agents, it is important to distinguish between p53 response to DNA-damaging agents in normal and in tumour cells. Here, using normal human fibroblasts (NHFs), we show that cisplatin and UV radiation induce G2/M arrest which(More)
OBJECTIVE To better understand the differentiation of stromal cells of the hematopoietic microenvironment, we set out to characterize stromal cells from the different developmental sites of hematopoiesis in the mouse (30 bone marrow, 7 spleen, 3 embryonic and 15 fetal liver, 6 yolk sac, and 6 aorta-gonad-mesonephros lines) for expression of 22 cytoskeletal,(More)
The O-2A progenitor cell, which serves as a stem cell for the myelinating oligodendrocyte, has been implicated as a major target for radiation-induced spinal cord injury. In an attempt to increase the number of O-2A cells in the spinal cord, we applied an ex vivo gene therapy procedure for delivering platelet derived growth factor (PDGF). Recombinant(More)
Electrical stimulation of peripheral nerves of isolated pleural-pedal ganglia, an in vitro analogue of long-term behavioral training in Aplysia, produced changes in the synthesis of specific proteins in pleural sensory neurons. The changes in incorporation of [35S]methionine into proteins occurring 24 h after electrical stimulation (late) were determined(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the mechanism of NFkappaB activation by X-rays in normal primary rat astrocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Primary cultures of type I astrocytes generated from the cortex of neonatal rats were exposed to X-rays with and without various kinase inhibitors and a protease inhibitor. The nuclear or cytoplasmic protein extracts were collected(More)