Frederic Moati

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Some proteolytic enzymes are able to increase reversibly the permeability of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to different tracers such as trypan blue. Intraventricularly injected collagenase is the most potent of the enzymes tested. It was assumed that collagenase acts on basement membrane collagen, the partial hydrolysis of which increases BBB permeability,(More)
Blood serum of severely burned patients contains several substances which are not present in normal sera. One of these substances, a small protein of an approximate molecular weight of 12 to 14,000 daltons displayed a toxic action on the circulatory system. This cardiotoxic factor was obtained in a purified form by alcohol precipitation followed by gel(More)
Blood serum of heavily burned patients contains neurotoxic substances which are not present in normal control sera. In the present paper, we describe the purification by gel filtration and ultracentrifugation of such a neurotoxic factor. The purified factor appeared to be a high molecular weight (2 to 3.10(6) daltons) lipoprotein. This factor was present in(More)
Neogalactosylated and neolactosylated albumins are currently used as radiopharmaceutical agents for imaging the liver asialoglycoprotein receptors, which allows the quantification of hepatic liver function in various diseases and also in healthy liver transplant donors. We developed an original process for synthesizing a chelating neolactosylated human(More)
The relationship between the collagenolytic activity and the neurotoxic effects of sera from heavily burnt patients was investigated. Burn and control sera were submitted to alcoholic fractionation according to Cohn's method 6, and the collagenolytic activity of the individual fractions was investigated using a sensitive collagen-gel lysis method (5).(More)
Proteases and especially collagenase injected into the lateral brain ventricles of rats are able to increase the permeability of the blood-brain barrier to trypan blue. Treatment of the rats with anthocyanosides of Vaccinium myrtillis diminishes the permeability increasing effect of collagenase and accelerate the recovery of normal permeability. This effect(More)
disease. Dig Dis Sci 33:1641, 1988 2. Volta U, Lenzi M, Lazzari R, Cassani F, Collina A, Bianchi FB, Pisi E: Antibodies to gliadin detected by immunofluorescence and a micro-ELISA method: Markers of active childhood coeliac disease. Gut 26:667-671, 1985 3. Brocchi E, Corazza GR, Caletti GC, Tregg!ari EA, Barbara L, Gasbarrini G: Endoscopic demonstration of(More)
Several serum proteins, such as prealbumin, protease inhibitors, immunoglobulins, metalloproteins and inflammatory glycoproteins were determined in the sera of heavily burnt patients by radial immunodiffusion. An increase of acute phase reactant glycoproteins (orsomucoid, haptoglobin, haemopexin, C-reactive protein), C3-complement, immunoglobulins,(More)
The effects on the nodal membrane of a neurotoxic lipoprotein isolated from the serum of heavily burnt patients were analysed under current clamp and voltage clamp conditions. 1. After exposure of the node to the toxin, the only major modifications of the action potential are a slight increase in its duration, a slight decrease in its amplitude, and the(More)
Cardio-circulatory and neurological complications may appear between the second and seventh day of treatment of severely burnt (greater than 30% of body surface, 3rd degree) patients between the 2nd and 7th day, even if their lesions follow an apparently favorable course. The purpose of the present work was to isolate substances from the sera of such(More)