Frederic Mercier

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Cytogenesis in adult peripheral organs, and in all organs during development, occurs nearby basal laminae (BL) overlying connective tissue. Paradoxically, cytogenesis in the adult brain occurs primarily in the subependymal layer (SEL), a zone where no particular organization of BL and connective tissue has been described. We have reinvestigated the anatomy(More)
The gap junction protein connexin 26 (Cx26) has been detected previously in the parenchyma of the developing brain and in the developing and adult meninges, but there is no clear evidence for the presence of this connexin in adult brain parenchyma. Confocal mapping of Cx26 through serial sections of the meningeal-intact rat brain with four antibodies(More)
OBJECTIVE To refine the indications of bilateral hypogastric artery ligation (BHAL) and angiographic selective embolisation (ASE) in intractable obstetric haemorrhage. DESIGN an audit study. SETTING Tertiary care university hospital. POPULATION AND METHODS Retrospective analysis of 61 cases of obstetric intractable post partum haemorrhage (PPH)(More)
The novel extracellular matrix structures called fractones are found in the lateral ventricle walls, the principal adult brain stem cell niche. By electron microscopy, fractones were shown to contact neural stem and progenitor cells (NSPC), suggesting a role in neurogenesis. Here, we investigated spatial relationships between proliferating NSPC and(More)
BACKGROUND Several previous surveys have estimated the rate of major complications that occur after regional anesthesia. However, because of the increase in the use of regional anesthesia in recent years and because of the introduction of new techniques, reappraisal of the incidence and the characteristics of major complications is useful. METHODS All(More)
BACKGROUND Available literature on pregnant women with severe pulmonary hypertension (PH) relies mainly on anecdotal case reports and two series only. METHODS The authors reviewed the charts of all pregnant women with severe PH who were followed up at their institution during the past 10 yr, to assess the multidisciplinary treatment and outcome of these(More)
In adulthood, new neurons and glial cells are generated from stem cells in restricted zones of the brain, namely the olfactory bulb (OB), rostral migratory stream (RMS), subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle, sub-callosum zone (SCZ) and sub-granular layer (SGL) of the dentate gyrus. What makes these zones germinal? We previously reported that(More)
Small conductance calcium-activated potassium (SK) channels are found in many types of neurons as well as in some other cell types. These channels are selective for K(+) and open when intracellular Ca(2+) rises to omega 500 nM. In neurons, this occurs during and after an action potential. Activation of SK channels hyperpolarizes the membrane, thus reducing(More)
Pruritus is a frequent adverse event observed after neuraxial administration of opioids. Central 5-hydroxytryptamine subtype 3 (5-HT3) receptors may be activated in this process. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of prophylactic 5-HT3 receptor antagonists on neuraxial opioid-induced pruritus. We searched Medline, Embase, and Cochrane(More)
UNLABELLED Aprotinin reduces blood loss in many orthopedic procedures. In posterior lumbar spine fusion, blood loss results primarily from large vein bleeding and also occurs after the wound is closed. Seventy-two patients undergoing posterior lumbar spine fusion were randomly assigned to large-dose aprotinin therapy or placebo. All patients donated three(More)